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Old 12th January 2018, 06:05 PM
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Default Exodus 7

[Exodus 7]
{7:1} And the Lord said to Moses: “Behold, I have appointed you as the god of Pharaoh. And Aaron, your brother, will be your prophet.

God appoints Moses to be His vicar, to be in His place and Aaron in turn to be Moses' messenger.

{7:2} You will speak to him all that I command you. And he will speak to Pharaoh, so that he may release the sons of Israel from his land.

Moses will speak all what God commands him. Whatever Moses speaks in these particular instances is what God actually says, thus giving Moses the gift of infallibility. And since Moses excused himself for not being able to speak well, his brother Aaron, will simply repeat what Moses tells him to the Pharaoh.

{7:3} But I will harden his heart, and I will multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt,

God is simply prophesying here. God is beyond time and space so He knows how the Pharaoh will freely choose to react. God does not literally "will harden the Pharaoh's heart", this is a figure of speech saying that the Pharaoh, a polytheist who has his own gods, will reject Moses petition because it comes from another God, a God not familiar to him, a God of the Israelite people whom he despises and belittles.

{7:4} and he will not listen to you. And I will send my hand over Egypt, and I will lead my army and my people, the sons of Israel, from the land of Egypt, through very great judgments.
{7:5} And the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord, who has extended my hand over Egypt, and who has led the sons of Israel from their midst.”

This prophecy obviously gets fulfilled later.
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Old 12th January 2018, 06:05 PM
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{7:6} And so, Moses and Aaron did just as the Lord had instructed. And so it was done.
{7:7} Now Moses was eighty years old, and Aaron eighty-three, when they spoke to Pharaoh.

Moses was 40 years older than when he left Egypt (Acts 7:23). The "40" perspective is also shown here as is also taught in other parts of Scripture, "40 years in the dessert" (16:35); "40 days, 40 nights" (24:18 ) (34:28 ) (Matt 4:2); "40 bases of silver (26:19).

{7:8} And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron:
{7:9} “When Pharaoh will say to you, ‘Show signs,’ you shall say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff, and cast it down before Pharaoh, and it will be turned into a snake.’ ”

Again, since God is beyond the realm of time, He knows what the Pharaoh is going to say and tells Moses and Aaron to perform the miracle of turning Aaron's staff into a snake. The Egyptian people had many gods, among them they had serpent idols (serpent goddess Wadjet among them), images of cobras, and the like. So here God is showing everyone that He has power over creation and over all these gods.

{7:10} And so Moses and Aaron entered to Pharaoh, and they did just as the Lord had commanded. And Aaron took the staff in the sight of Pharaoh and his servants, and it was turned into a snake.
{7:11} Then Pharaoh called the wise men and the sorcerers. And they also, by Egyptian incantations and certain secrets, did similarly.

These sorcerers (practitioners of occult arts) had also the help of fallen angels in order to perform a similar act. Now, this apparent miracle done by the sorcerers was not a true miracle of braking the natural laws given by God. In other words, this was not done supernaturally which only God can do. This particular performance was a trick done either by human capacity (a pressure point on the neck of a cobra can induce a temporary paralysis that makes the snake stiff and straight like a staff until jolted out of this state) or with the help of fallen angels, at the capacity of what the nature of these angels can do (preternaturally). Fallen angels can mimic some true miracles until a certain extent or until what God permits them to do (Job 1:12) (2:6).

St. Paul identifies two of these sorcerers by the names of Jannes and Jambres (2 Tim 3:8 ). Notice that these two names are nowhere in the O.T. written text, but he knows them by Tradition.

{7:12} And each one cast down their staffs, and they were turned into serpents. But the staff of Aaron devoured their staffs.

God permitted the sorcerers to do a similar act (turning a staff into a serpent) so that He can show everyone that He is more powerful than any of the "gods" of Egypt. He will eventually show that He is the only God as we'll see later.
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Old 12th January 2018, 06:10 PM
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{7:13} And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had instructed.

Just as God has said.

{7:14} Then the Lord said to Moses: “The heart of Pharaoh has been hardened; he is not willing to release the people.
{7:15} Go to him in the morning; behold, he will go out to the waters. And you will stand to meet him above the bank of the river. And you will take, in your hand, the staff that was turned into a serpent.
{7:16} And you will say to him: ‘The Lord God of the Hebrews sent me to you, saying: Release my people in order to sacrifice to me in the desert. And even until the present time, you were not willing to listen.
{7:17} Therefore, thus says the Lord: In this you will know that I am the Lord. Behold, I will strike, with the staff that is in my hand, the water of the river, and it will be turned into blood.
{7:18} Also, the fishes that are in the river will die, and the waters will be polluted, and the Egyptians will be afflicted when they drink the water of the river.’ ”
{7:19} The Lord also said to Moses: “Say to Aaron: ‘Take your staff; and extend your hand over the waters of Egypt, and over their rivers and streams and marshes and all the pools of waters, so that they may be turned into blood. And let there be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, as much in vessels of wood as in those of stone.’ ”
{7:20} And Moses and Aaron did just as the Lord had instructed. And lifting up the staff, he struck the water of the river in the sight of Pharaoh and his servants. And it was turned into blood.
{7:21} And the fishes that were in the river died, and the river was polluted, and the Egyptians were not able to drink the water of the river, and there was blood throughout the entire land of Egypt.

Scholars and historians have noticed that among the many gods that the ancient Egyptian people had, was 'Hapi', the god of the river (Nile). So what God is doing here is "killing" this god by turning this river into blood. This is a type of transubstantiation what our Lord performs here.

{7:22} And the sorcerers of the Egyptians, with their incantations, did similarly. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, he did not listen to them, just as the Lord had instructed.

The sorcerers were able to imitate this miracle to a certain extent and this other particular sign could have been done with fallen angel's assistant rather than human capacity alone. Still, this particular imitation was not, and could not have been, at the level and magnitude of the true miracle done by God. But this was enough for the Pharaoh to keep refuting God's petition.

{7:23} And he turned himself away, and he entered his house, neither did he apply his heart to this turn of events.
{7:24} Then all the Egyptians dug along the borders of the river for water to drink. For they were not able to drink from the water of the river.
{7:25} And seven days were completed, after the Lord struck the river.

God is bringing judgment with this chaos that is being generated not only to the Pharaoh, but also to Egypt and their "gods".
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