CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group  

Go Back   CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group > Catholic Continuing Education > Teaching Series - moral theology
FAQ Members List Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
  #1  
Old 7th July 2010, 12:01 PM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,570
Default 6. Catechism of Catholic Ethics

.076.
Conscience itself is the ability of free will and reason to seek and to understand moral truth. The exercise of conscience is an act of will and intellect by which the human person seeks knowledge of moral truth. The fruit of conscience is the understanding of moral truth obtained by this search. Thus conscience is threefold: the ability to search for moral truth, the act of searching, and the knowledge obtained by the search.

Many people speak as if the conscience were a separate faculty from intellect and reason; it is not. Conscience is inherent to the faculties of reason (intellect) and free will. All persons who have the use of intellect and free will have the ability to distinguish between moral good and moral evil.

The sins that are on a person's conscience are the knowingly chosen acts of that same person which were freely chosen in the knowledge that the acts were immoral, and from which the person has not yet repented.
__________________
Ron Conte
Roman Catholic theologian
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old 12th July 2010, 12:24 PM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,570
Default

Cardinal Ratzinger: "Conscience is not an independent and infallible faculty. It is an act of moral judgment regarding a responsible choice. A right conscience is one duly illumined by faith and by the objective moral law and it presupposes, as well, the uprightness of the will in the pursuit of the true good."

.077. Whenever a person knowingly chooses an immoral act, he acts in bad conscience and he sins. Every act done in bad conscience is necessarily an actual sin. Every actual sin is necessarily done in bad conscience.

If an immoral act is done with the sincere but mistaken belief that the act is moral, the act is done in good conscience, and is not an actual sin. For this belief to be sincere, the person must exercise his conscience by sincerely seeking knowledge of moral truth, in general and in particular. This exercise of conscience is necessary for any knowingly chosen act to be moral; otherwise, the first font of morality is bad. Whenever the intent is to act without concern for morality, the intent is immoral.

All actual sins are done in bad conscience because all actual sins are freely chosen, either in the knowledge or belief that the act is immoral, or without due concern for the morality of the act. If, after a sincere search for moral truth, the person truly believes the act to be objectively moral, then the act is done in good conscience, even if the act is objectively immoral.
__________________
Ron Conte
Roman Catholic theologian
Reply With Quote
Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump


All times are GMT. The time now is 08:01 PM.


Powered by vBulletin Version 3.6.0
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.