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Old 9th November 2018, 08:20 PM
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IV. How Can We Speak about God?

39 In defending the ability of human reason to know God, the Church is expressing her confidence in the possibility of speaking about him to all men and with all men, and therefore of dialogue with other religions, with philosophy and science, as well as with unbelievers and atheists.

"In defending", we are called to defend the faith against those who attack it in any sort of way. It is not true that our faith is not meant for any "fighting". St. Paul defended the faith:

[Acts of the Apostles 17]
{17:1} Now when they had walked through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they arrived at Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews.
{17:2} Then Paul, according to custom, entered to them. And for three Sabbaths he disputed with them about the Scriptures,...
{17:17} And so, he was disputing with the Jews in the synagogue, and with the worshipers, and in public places, throughout each day, with whomever was there.

40 Since our knowledge of God is limited, our language about him is equally so. We can name God only by taking creatures as our starting point, and in accordance with our limited human ways of knowing and thinking.

We judge according to our knowledge. See this post:

41 All creatures bear a certain resemblance to God, most especially man, created in the image and likeness of God. the manifold perfections of creatures - their truth, their goodness, their beauty all reflect the infinite perfection of God. Consequently we can name God by taking his creatures" perfections as our starting point, "for from the greatness and beauty of created things comes a corresponding perception of their Creator".15

We humans (man and woman) are created in the image and likeness of God. We have free will, have abstract reason so we have the ability to be creatives as well. Lower animals do not. For example, we can teach a dog manners, the dog can learn those manners, but that dog does not have the ability to teach those learned manners to other dogs.

42 God transcends all creatures. We must therefore continually purify our language of everything in it that is limited, imagebound or imperfect, if we are not to confuse our image of God --"the inexpressible, the incomprehensible, the invisible, the ungraspable"-- with our human representations.16 Our human words always fall short of the mystery of God.

We call the First person of the Holy Trinity, Father, but He transcends all fatherhood. We call God in a masculine way, but God transcends sexuality and all creation. God is not a "male" or a "female".

We need to watch or purify our language in order to be perfect as our Heavenly Father is Perfect (Matt 5:48 ).

[Matthew 12]
{12:36} But I say to you, that for every idle word which men will have spoken, they shall render an account in the day of judgment.

Here are some other Bible verses regarding watching our language: (Ephesians 4:29), (Ephesians 5:4), (James 3:10), (Prov 18:21), (2 Tim 2:16), (Psalm 34:13 - Against lies as well).

43 Admittedly, in speaking about God like this, our language is using human modes of expression; nevertheless it really does attain to God himself, though unable to express him in his infinite simplicity. Likewise, we must recall that "between Creator and creature no similitude can be expressed without implying an even greater dissimilitude";17 and that "concerning God, we cannot grasp what he is, but only what he is not, and how other beings stand in relation to him."18

A true Christian is the one who shows it by words and deeds, by example, by being the salt, the light, of the earth (Matt 5:13-16); otherwise, there is no difference among the pagans or sinful secular society. We are not of this world though we live in this world (John 17:16).
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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Old 12th December 2018, 09:31 PM
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44 Man is by nature and vocation a religious being. Coming from God, going toward God, man lives a fully human life only if he freely lives by his bond with God.

We all have a natural religiosity, but this needs to be polished by God's revelation through His Church.

A natural religiosity can be found in ancient civilizations which worshiped gods, also the native populations in the Americas such as the Aztecs.

45 Man is made to live in communion with God in whom he finds happiness: When I am completely united to you, there will be no more sorrow or trials; entirely full of you, my life will be complete (St. Augustine, Conf. 10, 28, 39: PL 32, 795}.

A man can go crazy looking around for happiness and never able to find it without God. However a man is happy anywhere he goes by having God in his life, being one with God (John 17:21), even in the midst of tribulations.

46 When he listens to the message of creation and to the voice of conscience, man can arrive at certainty about the existence of God, the cause and the end of everything.

Man is able to attain salvation by loving God (even implicitly by loving neighbor) with a sincere conscience, looking for truth thus attaining a mystical but non-formal baptism of desire or blood. It is quite different, though, for a man who avoids following the truth, in this case he becomes guilty of not looking the truth, preferring darkness instead of light. The easiest, most helpful and most rewarding path to Heaven is by being a faithful Catholic.

47 The Church teaches that the one true God, our Creator and Lord, can be known with certainty from his works, by the natural light of human reason (cf. Vatican Council I, can. 2 # 1: DS 3026),

We can reach at the reasonably conclusion of the existence of God by witnessing His "prints", creation. Nothing can do nothing, but "Something" can do something.

48 We really can name God, starting from the manifold perfections of his creatures, which are likenesses of the infinitely perfect God, even if our limited language cannot exhaust the mystery.

We can reasonably understand God to a limited extent, but never completely, not even in Heaven. God is God, we are limited creatures including the greatest of Angels and God's most marvelous creation after the human nature of Christ, the Blessed Virgin Mary.

49 Without the Creator, the creature vanishes (GS 36). This is the reason why believers know that the love of Christ urges them to bring the light of the living God to those who do not know him or who reject him.

It is our obligation and duty to spread the Good News to this sinful world that there is a better way of living by being immersed in His love, and of having hope in eternal life by being witnesses of our resurrected Lord acting in our lives.
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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Old 11th January 2019, 09:33 PM
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50 By natural reason man can know God with certainty, on the basis of his works. But there is another order of knowledge, which man cannot possibly arrive at by his own powers: the order of divine Revelation.1 Through an utterly free decision, God has revealed himself and given himself to man. This he does by revealing the mystery, his plan of loving goodness, formed from all eternity in Christ, for the benefit of all men. God has fully revealed this plan by sending us his beloved Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit.

By natural reason we can certainly know that there must be a God for the marbles of the universe, the material world, its works, its orderly laws cannot have existed from nothing to something by a mere senseless or unsound act. So man is able to worship God with his natural religiosity. However, this knowledge is not enough in order to worship the one true God correctly, for man creates his own gods or have his own opinion of how God is or of how He is to be worshiped. Therefore, in His infinite wisdom, God has decided to reveal Himself to men (this is what we call "Divine Revelation") so that we can worship Him correctly and be in the right path to salvation. Divine Revelation is Sacred Tradition, Sacred Scripture (the Sacred Deposit of Faith) which the Magisterium of Jesus' Church, the Catholic Church, has the gift to interpret and teach correctly.

Article 1


I. God Reveals His "Plan of Loving Goodness"

51 "It pleased God, in his goodness and wisdom, to reveal himself and to make known the mystery of his will. His will was that men should have access to the Father, through Christ, the Word made flesh, in the Holy Spirit, and thus become sharers in the divine nature."2

We can only go to the Father through Jesus (John 14:6); He is our only Mediator (1 Tim 2:5) for He is the only One who redeemed us on the Cross (1 Tim 2:6), no one else. A man (Adam) sinned thus breaking that initial close relationship, which is an offense against God who is infinite; therefore, the only way for us to be redeemed had to be done by another truly and fully man, but also, someone whose reparation be eternal, so this Person also had to also be truly and fully God. And that only One who was able to atone for this great damage was our Lord Jesus Christ. But we, as members of the Body of Christ, can intercede for each other (1 Tim 2:1-4) in the Holy Spirit towards this Redeemer, Jesus. The members of the Body of Christ do not cease to live at our corporal deaths; for we have been made in the image and likeness of God who is Spirit, thus we have an spiritual soul who is immortal. This soul continues to live for we don't have a God of the death but of the living (Mark 12:27). Therefore, we can also pray to the Saints and Angels in Heaven in order to intercede for us before Jesus. The role of an Angel is to be a "Messenger" (this is what the word Angel means) and we have some Angels at our service (Matt 18:10), so, just as God sends messages to us through His Angels, we can send back messages from us to God through His Angels ("Messengers"). We can pray directly to God (in Jesus' name), of course we can and we must do!, but we can also use the help of these close friends of God in order to intercede for us.

52 God, who "dwells in unapproachable light", wants to communicate his own divine life to the men he freely created, in order to adopt them as his sons in his only-begotten Son.3 By revealing himself God wishes to make them capable of responding to him, and of knowing him and of loving him far beyond their own natural capacity.

We become sons and daughter of God at Baptism, with this Sacrament, we eliminate Original Sin (and personal sin if the person has it) and the due punishment for sin up to that point and acquire sanctifying grace which allows us to access Heaven. A person who dies without the state of grace goes straight to Hell.

53 The divine plan of Revelation is realized simultaneously "by deeds and words which are intrinsically bound up with each other"4 and shed light on each another. It involves a specific divine pedagogy: God communicates himself to man gradually. He prepares him to welcome by stages the supernatural Revelation that is to culminate in the person and mission of the incarnate Word, Jesus Christ.

God treats us like a good Father to His children. When we are little, soft food, but when we start to get stronger, another king of food is given us. This is the reason why God had to treat and teach the people of the O.T. with a different approach; but once God became man, the fullness of His revelation has come manifest.

St. Irenaeus of Lyons repeatedly speaks of this divine pedagogy using the image of God and man becoming accustomed to one another: the Word of God dwelt in man and became the Son of man in order to accustom man to perceive God and to accustom God to dwell in man, according to the Father's pleasure.5

Now that God has become man, we can know and understand God even better, even like a Friend (John 15:15).
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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Old 19th March 2019, 03:13 PM
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II. The Stages of Revelation

In the beginning God makes himself known

54 "God, who creates and conserves all things by his Word, provides men with constant evidence of himself in created realities. and furthermore, wishing to open up the way to heavenly salvation - he manifested himself to our first parents from the very beginning."6 He invited them to intimate communion with himself and clothed them with resplendent grace and justice.

God creates all things from nothing; therefore, He is the One who sustains (or conserves) all things for if He takes out 'His Hands' out of things (including us), we all go back to nothing.

God provides us with evidence of His existence through creation, through Providence, through signal graces.

God manifested to our first parents, Adam and Eve, to show us that He wants to have a personal relationship with us. He doesn't need us. God doesn't need anything, but He wants to share His Majesty with us out of Love.

55 This revelation was not broken off by our first parents' sin. "After the fall, (God) buoyed them up with the hope of salvation, by promising redemption; and he has never ceased to show his solicitude for the human race. For he wishes to give eternal life to all those who seek salvation by patience in well-doing."7

The Love of God is so great that even though we have failed; He still was able to suffer for our redemption so that we can be co-heirs of His Glory in His Kingdom.

Even when he disobeyed you and lost your friendship you did not abandon him to the power of death. . . Again and again you offered a covenant to man.8

After human failings, God insisted in sharing His glory with us by having covenants with our patriarchs. Despite human failings in braking up with His covenants, God insisted with other covenants. That's the way He did it with Noah, Abraham, Moses (different covenants) until the last and permanent Covenant between Jesus and His Church.

The covenant with Noah

56 After the unity of the human race was shattered by sin God at once sought to save humanity part by part. the covenant with Noah after the flood gives expression to the principle of the divine economy toward the "nations", in other words, towards men grouped "in their lands, each with (its) own language, by their families, in their nations".9

Since the beginning, we were meant to be One Family, but men divided himself because of pride (recall the Tower of Babel). Because of this division, God's family was not Catholic (Universal) anymore so God had to choose, out of the divided people, one group of people, Abraham descendants, the Israelites.

57 This state of division into many nations, each entrusted by divine providence to the guardianship of angels, is at once cosmic, social and religious. It is intended to limit the pride of fallen humanity10 united only in its perverse ambition to forge its own unity as at Babel.11 But, because of sin, both polytheism and the idolatry of the nation and of its rulers constantly threaten this provisional economy with the perversion of paganism.12

Men became polytheists, worshipers of many gods, so God had to choose one group of people in order to instruct them the correct worship to the One trough God, and then arrive at the Universal Church as our relationship with God was meant to be from the beginning. This process was long and patient, like the way a father educates a son through his growing process, from infancy to adulthood.

58 The covenant with Noah remains in force during the times of the Gentiles, until the universal proclamation of the Gospel.13 The Bible venerates several great figures among the Gentiles: Abel the just, the king-priest Melchisedek - a figure of Christ - and the upright "Noah, Daniel, and Job".14 Scripture thus expresses the heights of sanctity that can be reached by those who live according to the covenant of Noah, waiting for Christ to "gather into one the children of God who are scattered abroad".15

At the arrival of the Messiah, Jesus, God gathers into one group all His scattered children into one Universal Church.

{28:19} Therefore, go forth and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
{28:20} teaching them to observe all that I have ever commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, even to the consummation of the age.”

{16:15} And he said to them: “Go forth to the whole world and preach the Gospel to every creature.

That's why Jesus' Church is Catholic, for it is the teaching of Jesus Christ to go to the whole world, to preach the Gospel, to every creature. No more divisions or separated groups.
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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Old 18th June 2019, 04:45 PM
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God chooses Abraham

59 In order to gather together scattered humanity God calls Abram from his country, his kindred and his father's house,16 and makes him Abraham, that is, "the father of a multitude of nations". "In you all the nations of the earth shall be blessed."17

Abram was most likely a polytheist, a believer of many gods in the land of Canaan. He was an old man with a wife who was barren. Yet God must have seen goodness in this man who might have thought that his life was settled.

60 The people descended from Abraham would be the trustee of the promise made to the patriarchs, the chosen people, called to prepare for that day when God would gather all his children into the unity of the Church.18 They would be the root on to which the Gentiles would be grafted, once they came to believe.19

Since people believe in many gods and/or have erroneous conceptions of the true God. Our Lord chose a determinate man and his descendants in order to reveal Himself to them and through them to all people and show that there is only one God.

61 The patriarchs, prophets and certain other Old Testament figures have been and always will be honoured as saints in all the Church's liturgical traditions.

We know by faith that the patriarchs, prophets and certain others referred as just of the O.T. are in Heaven now (not before being liberated from Abraham's Bosom or Limbo of the Fathers by Christ when He descended into this place) for the Church acknowledges them as Saints.

God forms his people Israel

62 After the patriarchs, God formed Israel as his people by freeing them from slavery in Egypt. He established with them the covenant of Mount Sinai and, through Moses, gave them his law so that they would recognize him and serve him as the one living and true God, the provident Father and just judge, and so that they would look for the promised Saviour.20

God showed the sons of Israel that He is the Almighty God with His miraculous deeds and His loving care. Our Lord also instructed them the correct way of worship and fellowship with Him.

63 Israel is the priestly people of God, "called by the name of the LORD", and "the first to hear the word of God",21 The people of "elder brethren" in the faith of Abraham.

This is referred to the general priesthood of the people. Not the priestly ministry that only Aaron and his sons; then men from the tribe of Levi had to perform by certain rites and vestments as ordained by God.

64 Through the prophets, God forms his people in the hope of salvation, in the expectation of a new and everlasting Covenant intended for all, to be written on their hearts.22 The prophets proclaim a radical redemption of the People of God, purification from all their infidelities, a salvation which will include all the nations.23 Above all, the poor and humble of the Lord will bear this hope. Such holy women as Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, Miriam, Deborah, Hannah, Judith and Esther kept alive the hope of Israel's salvation. the purest figure among them is Mary.24

In the O.T. God had to do a covenant with Abraham, then with Moses more than once for the people of Israel kept breaking it. But the Last and permanent Covenant is fulfilled with our Lord Jesus Christ and His Church.
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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Old 11th July 2019, 03:36 PM
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III. Christ Jesus -- "Mediator and Fullness of All Revelation"25

God has said everything in his Word

65 "In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets, but in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son."26 Christ, the Son of God made man, is the Father's one, perfect and unsurpassable Word. In him he has said everything; there will be no other word than this one. St. John of the Cross, among others, commented strikingly on Hebrews 1:1-2:

In giving us his Son, his only Word (for he possesses no other), he spoke everything to us at once in this sole Word - and he has no more to say. . . because what he spoke before to the prophets in parts, he has now spoken all at once by giving us the All Who is His Son. Any person questioning God or desiring some vision or revelation would be guilty not only of foolish behaviour but also of offending him, by not fixing his eyes entirely upon Christ and by living with the desire for some other novelty.27

God is still speaking to His Church but nothing is added to the Deposit of Faith, rather, the mysteries of our Faith are revealed more in depth. For our Lord Jesus Christ said:

{16:12} I still have many things to say to you, but you are not able to bear them now.
{16:13} But when the Spirit of truth has arrived, he will teach the whole truth to you. For he will not be speaking from himself. Instead, whatever he will hear, he will speak. And he will announce to you the things that are to come.

The teaching authority of the Church, the Magisterium, is God's servant and teaches us what God has revealed.

There will be no further Revelation

66 "The Christian economy, therefore, since it is the new and definitive Covenant, will never pass away; and no new public revelation is to be expected before the glorious manifestation of our Lord Jesus Christ."28 Yet even if Revelation is already complete, it has not been made completely explicit; it remains for Christian faith gradually to grasp its full significance over the course of the centuries.

The Word of God was not always completely explicitly revealed to our early fathers for we, limited creatures, cannot grasp the mysteries of an infinite (Eternal) God.

Our Lord spoke often in Parables and said "Whoever has ears to hear, let him hear" (Matthew 11:15). This means that not everyone understood clearly what Jesus taught.

He also said:

{11:25} … “I acknowledge you, Father, Lord of Heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and the prudent, and have revealed them to little ones.
{11:26} Yes, Father, for this was pleasing before you.

So we see that not all things are revealed to everyone, and not all explicitly at once.

67 Throughout the ages, there have been so-called "private" revelations, some of which have been recognized by the authority of the Church. They do not belong, however, to the deposit of faith. It is not their role to improve or complete Christ's definitive Revelation, but to help live more fully by it in a certain period of history. Guided by the Magisterium of the Church, the sensus fidelium knows how to discern and welcome in these revelations whatever constitutes an authentic call of Christ or his saints to the Church.

Private revelations are some apparitions (or revelations through different means such as locutions) of Jesus, our Blessed Mother, Angels or Saints from Heaven with messages to some members of the Church, but these revelations are not part of the Deposit of Faith. They are not in any way to usurp the authority of the Church. However, they are callings for a true conversion and subject to Church's approval. For our Lord gave authority to the Twelve Apostles (Matthew 10:1) (John 20:21-23), and since He said that He was going to be with them until the end of time (Matthew 28:20), this means the Apostles' successors as well.

The authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out and to cure every sickness and every infirmity (Matthew 10:1) also means authority to discern spirits and repel the evil/deceiving ones.

Beware of many false private revelations in the world today. For more information on this subject, see this page:

Christian faith cannot accept "revelations" that claim to surpass or correct the Revelation of which Christ is the fulfilment, as is the case in certain nonChristian religions and also in certain recent sects which base themselves on such "revelations".

Various religious sects have been formed based on such "revelations".
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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Old 25th July 2019, 06:48 PM
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68 By love, God has revealed himself and given himself to man. He has thus provided the definitive, superabundant answer to the questions that man asks himself about the meaning and purpose of his life.

69 God has revealed himself to man by gradually communicating his own mystery in deeds and in words.

God is gradually communicating His own mystery; therefore, when the Magisterium of the Church teaches something that seems "new" to us, it is actually a more in depth revelation of the mystery of God. We, limited creatures, cannot pretend that we already know it all and that the Church has nothing to add to what we understand of it. The Church is our Mother and She continue teaching us the mysteries of revelation.

70 Beyond the witness to himself that God gives in created things, he manifested himself to our first parents, spoke to them and, after the fall, promised them salvation (cf ⇒ Gen 3:15) and offered them his covenant.

71 God made an everlasting covenant with Noah and with all living beings (cf ⇒ Gen 9:16). It will remain in force as long as the world lasts.

72 God chose Abraham and made a covenant with him and his descendants. By the covenant God formed his people and revealed his law to them through Moses. Through the prophets, he prepared them to accept the salvation destined for all humanity.

73 God has revealed himself fully by sending his own Son, in whom he has established his covenant for ever. the Son is his Father's definitive Word; so there will be no further Revelation after him.

There has been different covenants, first with Adam "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you shall not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die." (Genesis 2:16-17); after the fall see (Genesis 3:15); then with Noah (Genesis 9:16), then with Abraham, then with Moses (the Ten Commandments), then after the Israelites made an idol our Lord commanded them more disciplinary laws. But the last and everlasting Covenant is with our Lord Jesus Christ who is the fulfillment of the Law and the Prophets (Matthew 5:17) (Luke 24:44) (John 1:45).
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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Old 15th August 2019, 09:42 PM
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Article 2


74 God "desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth":29 that is, of Christ Jesus.30 Christ must be proclaimed to all nations and individuals, so that this revelation may reach to the ends of the earth:

God graciously arranged that the things he had once revealed for the salvation of all peoples should remain in their entirety, throughout the ages, and be transmitted to all generations.31

This is the reason that His Church is Catholic (Universal).

I. The Apostolic Tradition

75 "Christ the Lord, in whom the entire Revelation of the most high God is summed up, commanded the apostles to preach the Gospel, which had been promised beforehand by the prophets, and which he fulfilled in his own person and promulgated with his own lips. In preaching the Gospel, they were to communicate the gifts of God to all men. This Gospel was to be the source of all saving truth and moral discipline."32

The word "Apostle" means "sent ones" so, in the Hierarchy of the Church, the Apostles and their successors, the Bishops, are the main persons who have been sent by Jesus Christ to preach His Good News. All others members of His Church assist them one way or the other, but the Apostles and their successors have the higher authority from Christ to teach about the Gospel of Christ (1 Corinthians 12:28 ).

In the apostolic preaching. . .

76 In keeping with the Lord's command, the Gospel was handed on in two ways:
- orally "by the apostles who handed on, by the spoken word of their preaching, by the example they gave, by the institutions they established, what they themselves had received - whether from the lips of Christ, from his way of life and his works, or whether they had learned it at the prompting of the Holy Spirit";33

Jesus Christ commanded His Apostles to "go forth and teach all nations" (Matthew 28:19). He didn't specify to write letters or to deliver Bibles, but, without immutable specifics, to "teach all nations". The oral teaching is not only from the lips out, but also by example and way of life.

- in writing "by those apostles and other men associated with the apostles who, under the inspiration of the same Holy Spirit, committed the message of salvation to writing".34

It was later that it was necessary to put into writing the teachings of Christ.

"And so, brothers, stand firm, and hold to the traditions that you have learned, whether by word or by our epistle." - (2 Thessalonians 2:14(15)).

. . . continued in apostolic succession

77 "In order that the full and living Gospel might always be preserved in the Church the apostles left bishops as their successors. They gave them their own position of teaching authority."

This we can see succession happening when Matthias replaced Judas (Acts 1:12-26). And this is done by imposition of hands (1 Timothy 4:14) (1 Timothy 5:22).

St. Paul tells Titus and Timothy not to be hasty in laying on hands for this particular ministry is not for everyone, he has to be careful and prayerfully discern to whom he transmit this authority.

"The reason I left you in Crete was that you might put in order what was left unfinished and appoint elders in every town, as I directed you.” (Titus 1:5).

“You then, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. And the things you have heard me say in the presence of many witnesses entrust to reliable people who will also be qualified to teach others.” (2 Timothy 2:1-2).

"Do not neglect your gift, which was given you through prophecy when the body of elders laid their hands on you." (1 Timothy 4:14).

"Do not be hasty in the laying on of hands, and do not share in the sins of others. Keep yourself pure." (1 Timothy 5:22).

How do we know that there is an Apostolic Succession? - Since Jesus was going to ascend into Heaven, He left His visible representatives here on earth in order to continue with His preaching (as we saw above). But what happened when the Apostles started dying? - is it the end of it? No. Jesus told the Apostles that He was going to be with them until the end of time (Matthew 28:20), so His visible representatives had to continue, that's why Mathias replaced Judas and St. Paul, Titus, Timothy continued to appoint successors in order to continue with this preaching of the Gospel.

When Jesus said that He was going to be with the Apostles until the "end of age" or "end of time", He did not mean only until a period in this life.

No. Jesus clearly meant end of this world:

“This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous” (Matt 13:49).

Jesus is clearly talking about the Final Judgment at the end of this world with the phrase "end or time" or "end of age".

Indeed, "the apostolic preaching, which is expressed in a special way in the inspired books, was to be preserved in a continuous line of succession until the end of time."36

78 This living transmission, accomplished in the Holy Spirit, is called Tradition, since it is distinct from Sacred Scripture, though closely connected to it. Through Tradition, "the Church, in her doctrine, life and worship, perpetuates and transmits to every generation all that she herself is, all that she believes."37 "The sayings of the holy Fathers are a witness to the life-giving presence of this Tradition, showing how its riches are poured out in the practice and life of the Church, in her belief and her prayer."38

Sacred Scripture comes from Sacred Tradition, not the other way around. It was first the Apostolic preaching.

79 The Father's self-communication made through his Word in the Holy Spirit, remains present and active in the Church:

Anyone who says the contrary, that the Church has become totally incorrupt, or dares to say that knows better than Magisterial teachings or puts himself above Her teachings. Let him be anathema (Galatians 1:8 ).

"God, who spoke in the past, continues to converse with the Spouse of his beloved Son. and the Holy Spirit, through whom the living voice of the Gospel rings out in the Church - and through her in the world - leads believers to the full truth, and makes the Word of Christ dwell in them in all its richness."39.

The Pope and the body of Bishops in union with the Pope are our Pastors appointed by Christ in order to lead us to our Heavenly Home. Since the Church is Divinely instituted, She is indefectible (Lumen Gentium # 39, n1) (CCC#1108 ).
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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Old 1st October 2019, 03:57 PM
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II. The Relationship Between Tradition and Sacred Scripture

One common source. . .

80 "Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture, then, are bound closely together, and communicate one with the other. For both of them, flowing out from the same divine well-spring, come together in some fashion to form one thing, and move towards the same goal."40 Each of them makes present and fruitful in the Church the mystery of Christ, who promised to remain with his own "always, to the close of the age".41

The Word of God is not limited to Sacred Scripture (John 21:25) (2 John 1:12) (3 John 1:13). God continues to speak to us. His Word is not something that has stood still but it flows as a well-spring.

. . . two distinct modes of transmission

81 "Sacred Scripture is the speech of God as it is put down in writing under the breath of the Holy Spirit."42

"and [Holy] Tradition transmits in its entirety the Word of God which has been entrusted to the apostles by Christ the Lord and the Holy Spirit. It transmits it to the successors of the apostles so that, enlightened by the Spirit of truth, they may faithfully preserve, expound and spread it abroad by their preaching."43

The Word of God continues to be transmitted to the successors of the Apostles, that is to the Pope and also to the Bishops in communion with the Pope (as a body) so that they faithfully preserve it. We can pray for the Pope and the Bishops to do God's will, that is fine. But we cannot be "concerned" that the Magisterium will go astray because that is impossible due to the promise of Christ and it is also a Church's dogmatic teaching. We cannot also pray so that they (as a body) do and teach what we think is right, or praying so that their decisions fit our standards, this type of arrogant "prayer" cannot even reach a short ceiling.

82 As a result the Church, to whom the transmission and interpretation of Revelation is entrusted, "does not derive her certainty about all revealed truths from the holy Scriptures alone. Both Scripture and Tradition must be accepted and honoured with equal sentiments of devotion and reverence."44

We cannot accept and honor Tradition over Scripture or vice versa.

Apostolic Tradition and ecclesial traditions

83 The Tradition here in question comes from the apostles and hands on what they received from Jesus' teaching and example and what they learned from the Holy Spirit. the first generation of Christians did not yet have a written New Testament, and the New Testament itself demonstrates the process of living Tradition.

The first generation of Christians did not have Sacred Scripture for Sacred Scripture comes from Tradition, not the other way around. The "Sola Scripture" (or Scripture alone) teaching is therefore heretical.

Tradition is to be distinguished from the various theological, disciplinary, liturgical or devotional traditions, born in the local churches over time. These are the particular forms, adapted to different places and times, in which the great Tradition is expressed. In the light of Tradition, these traditions can be retained, modified or even abandoned under the guidance of the Church's Magisterium.

Small "t" traditions can be changed or abrogated under the guidance of the Church, no matter how lengthy those traditions are or how good they look to our limited minds. We know by faith and by Church's infallible teaching that She is indefectible; therefore, the Magisterium will never go astray teaching grave errors or pronouncing grave errors with disciplinary measures.
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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Old 9th January 2020, 05:13 PM
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III. The Interpretation of the Heritage of Faith

The heritage of faith entrusted to the whole of the Church

84 The apostles entrusted the "Sacred deposit" of the faith (the depositum fidei), contained in Sacred Scripture and Tradition, to the whole of the Church. "By adhering to [this heritage] the entire holy people, united to its pastors, remains always faithful to the teaching of the apostles, to the brotherhood, to the breaking of bread and the prayers. So, in maintaining, practising and professing the faith that has been handed on, there should be a remarkable harmony between the bishops and the faithful."

Being faithful to the Magisterium of the Church is to be faithful to Christ for the Magisterium teach what is contained either explicitly or implicitly in the Sacred Deposit of Faith.

The Magisterium of the Church

85 "The task of giving an authentic interpretation of the Word of God, whether in its written form or in the form of Tradition, has been entrusted to the living teaching office of the Church alone. Its authority in this matter is exercised in the name of Jesus Christ." This means that the task of interpretation has been entrusted to the bishops in communion with the successor of Peter, the Bishop of Rome.

This task of authentic interpretation of the Word of God was given to Peter and his successors (Matthew 16:18-16) and to the Body of Bishops (as successors of the Apostles) in communion to Peter (Matthew 18:18 ).

86 "Yet this Magisterium is not superior to the Word of God, but is its servant. It teaches only what has been handed on to it. At the divine command and with the help of the Holy Spirit, it listens to this devotedly, guards it with dedication and expounds it faithfully. All that it proposes for belief as being divinely revealed is drawn from this single deposit of faith."48

The Magisterium is the Word of God's guardian.

87 Mindful of Christ's words to his apostles: "He who hears you, hears me",49 The faithful receive with docility the teachings and directives that their pastors give them in different forms.

Any individual who rejects the Pope, our Visible Head, or the Body of Bishops in communion with the Pope is rejecting the Body of Christ; therefore, Christ Himself. Not being in communion with Christ is automatically excommunication. Those are not worthy to receive Communion.

The dogmas of the faith

88 The Church's Magisterium exercises the authority it holds from Christ to the fullest extent when it defines dogmas, that is, when it proposes truths contained in divine Revelation or also when it proposes in a definitive way truths having a necessary connection with them.

Infallible teachings such as the Pope having the charism of truth and never-failing (or wavering) faith (not able err gravely in matters of faith) are not to be rejected or obstinately doubted by the faithful. To claim otherwise is a heresy. An apostate, a heretic, or a schismatic incurs automatic excommunication (Canon 1364, n. 1).

89 There is an organic connection between our spiritual life and the dogmas. Dogmas are lights along the path of faith; they illuminate it and make it secure. Conversely, if our life is upright, our intellect and heart will be open to welcome the light shed by the dogmas of faith.50

Infallible teachings are certainly true. There is no error or possibility of error.

90 The mutual connections between dogmas, and their coherence, can be found in the whole of the Revelation of the mystery of Christ.51 "In Catholic doctrine there exists an order or hierarchy 234 of truths, since they vary in their relation to the foundation of the Christian faith."52

The higher ranked in this hierarchy is the Pope, our Supreme Pontiff. Only God can judge the Pope, no one else (Canon Law 1404).

The supernatural sense of faith

91 All the faithful share in understanding and handing on revealed truth. They have received the anointing of the Holy Spirit, who instructs them53 and guides them into all truth.54

We received the Holy Spirit in Baptism (non-formal baptisms such as blood or desire applies to those with no fault of their own). We were anointed at Confirmation. We have to strive to always be in communion with God and humbly ask Him of His Spirit, to enlighten us, to guide us. We have to take advantage of this grace.

92 "The whole body of the faithful. . . cannot err in matters of belief. This characteristic is shown in the supernatural appreciation of faith (sensus fidei) on the part of the whole people, when, from the bishops to the last of the faithful, they manifest a universal consent in matters of faith and morals."55

Only as a body in union with our Visible Head, the Pope.

Canonization of Saints by the Pope make us believe that they are certainly in Heaven - Matthew 16:19 (some of them perhaps with a brief stay in Purgatory).

93 "By this appreciation of the faith, aroused and sustained by the Spirit of truth, the People of God, guided by the sacred teaching authority (Magisterium),. . . receives. . . the faith, once for all delivered to the saints. . . the People unfailingly adheres to this faith, penetrates it more deeply with right judgment, and applies it more fully in daily life."56

The people who unfailingly adheres and perseveres to this faith will certainly go to Heaven to enjoy glory with God forever.

Growth in understanding the faith

94 Thanks to the assistance of the Holy Spirit, the understanding of both the realities and the words of the heritage of faith is able to grow in the life of the Church:
- "through the contemplation and study of believers who ponder these things in their hearts";57 it is in particular "theological research [which] deepens knowledge of revealed truth".58
- "from the intimate sense of spiritual realities which [believers] experience",59 The sacred Scriptures "grow with the one who reads them."60
- "from the preaching of those who have received, along with their right of succession in the episcopate, the sure charism of truth".61

The Apostles entrusted the Sacred Deposit of Faith to the Church, but the understanding of this Faith grows with time. All was not understood at once for we are not God. We are limited creatures and, as such, we grow in understanding step by step. The Church is the Mystical Body of Christ, and, as such, She grows. Even Christ in His human nature grew in understanding (Luke 2:40). Even Christ taught us that the Church will grow in understanding (John 16:12-13).

95 "It is clear therefore that, in the supremely wise arrangement of God, sacred Tradition, Sacred Scripture and the Magisterium of the Church are so connected and associated that one of them cannot stand without the others. Working together, each in its own way, under the action of the one Holy Spirit, they all contribute effectively to the salvation of souls."62

Tradition, Scripture, Magisterium is (not "are", but "is") a figure of the Trinity - Father, Son, Holy Spirit.
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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