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Old 19th April 2017, 04:43 PM
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Default Genesis 37

[Genesis 37]
{37:1} Now Jacob lived in the land of Canaan, where his father sojourned.
{37:2} And these are his generations. Joseph, when he was sixteen years old, was pasturing the flock with his brothers, when he was still a boy. And he was with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, the wives of his father. And he accused his brothers to their father of a most sinful crime.

In this chapter, begins the story of Joseph who is a figure and foreshadow of Jesus Christ. This Joseph also foreshadows the foster father of Jesus who's father was also called Jacob, especially regarding their personality, role, and life.

The following events are literal and historical in the life of Joseph (of the OT) but has its spiritual meaning as well.

{37:3} Now Israel loved Joseph above all his sons, because he had conceived him in his old age. And he made him a tunic, woven of many colors.

Besides Israel (Jacob) being of old age, his wife, Rachel had real difficulty having a son and when she bore this new son (firstborn from her) after praying a lot to God, she called him "Joseph" ("God shall add (a another son)" or "The Lord has added to me another son" - Gen 30:24), so this son was dear to Israel. This woven tunic that Israel made for Jacob, foreshadows the beautiful and nice tunic that our Lord Jesus Christ wore during His Passion, and we shall see why it was also a nice tunic.

{37:4} Then his brothers, seeing that he was loved by his father more than all his other sons, hated him, and they were not able to say anything peacefully to him.

When the Son of God, the Divine Word became a man and came to His brothers the Israelites, He was also despised and hated by many of them, especially by the Scribes and the Pharisees because they could not stand, in their arrogance, being corrected by Him. Jesus performed miracles even though it was contrary to the standards and misunderstandings of the Scribes and Pharisees (healing on the Sabbath, forgiving sins and making a man walk, etc.). Jesus Christ was actually doing the will of the Father with absolute perfection and the Father showed His love to His Son by allowing those miracles to happen, something that the Pharisees, who were immersed in their arrogance, could not accept or grasp.

{37:5} Then it also happened that he recounted the vision of a dream to his brothers, for which reason a greater hatred began to be nurtured.

The Joseph of the NT, the foster father of Jesus, received messages from God through dreams.

{37:6} And he said to them, “Listen to my dream that I saw.
{37:7} I thought we were binding sheaves in the field. And my sheaf seemed to rise up and stand, and your sheaves, standing in a circle, reverenced my sheaf.”
{37:8} His brothers responded: “Would you be our king? Or will we be subject to your dominion?” Therefore, this matter of his dreams and words provided kindling to their envy and hatred.

When Jesus said that He is the "I AM" (John 8:58 ) (Exodus 3:14), the Son of God, the King, that was blasphemy for the Pharisees and those who were not humble, so they wanted to kill Him.

{37:9} Likewise, he saw another dream, which he explained to his brothers, saying, “I saw by a dream, as if the sun, and the moon, and eleven stars were reverencing me.”
{37:10} And when he had related this to his father and brothers, his father rebuked him, and he said: “What does it mean to you, this dream that you have seen? Should I, and your mother, and your brothers reverence you upon the earth?”

Many Israelites could not accept to worship a man to be truly God who came from a poor family from Nazareth. Way before that, a third of the Angels could not accept this either, that's why Lucifer (now Satan) and a third of the Angels (now demons) were thrown out from Heaven (Rev 12: 4 . 7-9).

{37:11} Therefore, his brothers were envious of him. Yet truly, his father considered the matter silently.
{37:12} And while his brothers were lodging at Shechem, pasturing their father’s flocks,
{37:13} Israel said to him: “Your brothers are pasturing the sheep at Shechem. Come, I will send you to them.” And when he answered,
{37:14} “I am ready,” he said to him, “Go, and see if everything is prospering with your brothers and the cattle, and report to me what is happening.” So, having been sent from the valley of Hebron, he arrived at Shechem.

Likewise, the Father sends His only begotten Son to us and He will judge us according to our deeds.

{37:15} And a man found him wandering in a field, and he asked him what he was seeking.
{37:16} So he responded: “I seek my brothers. Tell me where they pasture the flocks.”
{37:17} And the man said to him: “They have withdrawn from this place. But I heard them saying, ‘Let us go to Dothan.’ ” Therefore, Joseph continued on after his brothers, and he found them at Dothan.

Likewise, when we depart from our Faith, Jesus descends to the "underworld" of our lives in order to rescue us from it. He is the Good Shepherd. If you are reading this, it may well be that He is rescuing you and me (or has rescued you and me) from iniquity.

{37:18} And, when they had seen him from afar, before he approached them, they decided to kill him.

So the parable of the father, owner of a vineyard, sending his son to his farmers is based in true or similar events (Matt 21:33-41). This event regarding Joseph is historical and foreshadows Jesus' coming to this world for our redemption which is also a historical true event. However, since Jesus is God, this event has an eternal magnitude, with an eternal repercussion (not just something that happened around 2,000 years ago and is done).

{37:19} And they said one to another: “Behold, the dreamer approaches.
{37:20} Come, let us kill him and cast him into the old cistern. And let us say: ‘an evil wild beast has devoured him.’ And then it will become apparent what his dreams will do for him.”
{37:21} But Reuben, on hearing this, strove to free him from their hands, and he said:
{37:22} “Do not take away his life, nor shed blood. But throw him into this cistern, which is in the wilderness, and so keep your hands harmless.” But he said this, wanting to rescue him from their hands, so as to return him to his father.

Joseph's brother Reuben represents Jesus' friends, also, foreshadows Joseph of Arimathea: [Mark]{15:43} there arrived Joseph of Arimathea, a noble council member, who himself was also awaiting the kingdom of God. And he boldly entered to Pilate and petitioned for the body of Jesus.

Reuben was the eldest son of Jacob and proposed, in order to save his youngest brother Joseph, to place him in a cistern. Joseph of Arimathea was an "elder", a rich (Matt 27:57) respected member of the council, and with his influence, provided the tomb for our Lord Jesus Christ so that He is able to resurrect from this place.

{37:23} And so, as soon as he came to his brothers, they very quickly stripped him of his tunic, which was ankle-length and woven of many colors,
{37:24} and they cast him into an old cistern, which held no water.

As described in this chapter, Joseph's tunic was very nice. Similarly, Jesus' tunic was so nicely woven in one piece, without seam, that the soldiers who crucified Him did not divided or wasted it, but had to cast lots in order to see who of them would actually keep it (John 19:23-24) (Psalm 21:19).

{37:25} And sitting down to eat bread, they saw some Ishmaelites, travelers coming from Gilead, with their camels, carrying spices, and resin, and oil of myrrh into Egypt.
{37:26} Therefore, Judah said to his brothers: “What will it profit us, if we kill our brother and conceal his blood?
{37:27} It is better that he be sold to the Ishmaelites, and then our hands will not be defiled. For he is our brother and our flesh.” His brothers agreed to his words.
{37:28} And when the Midianite merchants were passing by, they drew him from the cistern, and they sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. And these led him into Egypt.

Judas Iscariot sold our Lord for thirty pieces of silver (Matt 26:15).

{37:29} And Reuben, returning to the cistern, did not find the boy.
{37:30} And rending his garments, he went to his brothers and said, “The boy is not present, and so where shall I go?”
{37:31} Then they took his tunic, and they dipped it in the blood of a young goat, which they had killed,

The blood of this young goat foreshadows the precious blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God (John 1:29), also on His nice tunic.

{37:32} sending those who carried it to their father, and they said: “We found this. See whether it is the tunic of your son or not.”
{37:33} And when the father acknowledged it, he said: “It is the tunic of my son. An evil wild beast has eaten him; a beast has devoured Joseph.”
{37:34} And tearing his garments, he was clothed in haircloth, mourning his son for a long time.

Israel's sons have committed a grave sin with the repercussion that their father, now of old age, is grieving bitterly for his son.

{37:35} Then, when all of his sons gathered together to ease their father’s sorrow, he was not willing to accept consolation, but he said: “I will descend in mourning to my son in the underworld.” And while he persevered in weeping,
{37:36} the Midianites in Egypt sold Joseph to Potiphar, a eunuch of Pharaoh, instructor of the soldiers.

It may seen that Joseph's life is now doomed, but our story of salvation does not ends here, it continues.
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