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Old 1st August 2019, 03:36 PM
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Default Exodus 22

The following are God's disciplinary measures in order to impart order and justice within His people.

[Exodus 22]
{22:1} “If anyone will have stolen an ox or a sheep, and if he kills it or sells it, then he will restore five oxen for one ox, and four sheep for one sheep.

An ox has more value than a sheep.

{22:2} If a thief will have been discovered breaking into a house, or digging under it, and he has received a mortal wound, he who struck him down will not be guilty of blood.

Self-defense is not a crime. Notice that in Exodus 20:13, the most accurate translation is "You shall not murder", not just "You shall not kill" for God permits the killing of a guilty blood in a dangerous environment.

{22:3} But if he did this when the sun was risen, he has perpetrated a homicide, and he shall die. If he does not have the means to make restitution for the theft, he shall be sold.

Killing the thief "when the sun was risen" is not allowed most likely because he can be identified and caught easier.

{22:4} If whatever he stole should be found with him, a living thing, either an ox, or a donkey, or a sheep, he shall repay double.

Repaying the double is the punishment for the crime.

{22:5} If there is any damage to a field or a vineyard, when he has released his cattle to pasture on the land of a stranger, he shall repay the best of what he has in his own field, or in his own vineyard, according to the estimation of the damage.
{22:6} If a fire will have been discovered departing from brush, and taking hold in stacks of grain, or in crops standing in the fields, whoever ignited the fire shall repay the damages.
{22:7} If anyone will have entrusted money, or a container, to his friend to keep, and if these have been stolen from the one who received them: if the thief is found, he shall repay double.
{22:8} If the thief is unknown, the lord of the house will be brought before the heavens to swear that he did not lay his hand on the goods of his neighbor,
{22:9} so as to perpetrate any fraud, such as with an ox, or a donkey, or a sheep, or clothing, nor to do anything that would be able to cause damage. The case of both shall be brought before the heavens. And if they give judgment against him, he shall repay double to his neighbor.
{22:10} If anyone will have entrusted a donkey, an ox, a sheep, or any animal to the keeping of his neighbor, and it will have died, or become disabled, or have been captured by enemies, and no one saw it,
{22:11} then there shall be an oath between them, that he did not lay his hand on the goods of his neighbor. And the owner shall accept the oath, and he will not be compelled to make restitution.
{22:12} But if it will have been taken away by theft, he shall repay the damages to the owner.
{22:13} If it has been eaten by a wild beast, let him carry what was killed to him, and then he shall not make restitution.
{22:14} If anyone borrows from his neighbor any of these things, and it has died or been disabled when the owner was not present, he shall be compelled to make restitution.
{22:15} But if the owner was present, he shall not make restitution, especially if it had been brought for hired work.

When an animal dies or becomes disable without the negligence of a person, that person is innocent.

{22:16} If a man has led astray a virgin not yet betrothed, and he has slept with her, he shall pay her dowry and have her as a wife.

"Dowry" is a payment (either money or some goods) made on the marriage. The bridal price was fifty shekels (Deuteronomy 22:29).

{22:17} If the father of the virgin is not willing to give her, he shall pay money according to manner of a dowry, which virgins are accustomed to receive.
{22:18} You shall not permit practitioners of the black arts to live.

Any type of witchcraft is a mortal sin.

{22:19} Whoever has sexual intercourse with an animal shall be put to death.

Unnatural sexual acts are mortal sins.

{22:20} Whoever immolates to gods, other than to the Lord, shall be killed.

Idolatry is a mortal sin.

The discipline of killing the person who performs such crimes have been remitted by Christ, but the eternal moral law remains. These sins (witchcraft, unnatural sexual acts, idolatry) are intrinsically evil and always gravely immoral. They are mortal sins.

{22:21} You shall not harass the newcomer, nor shall you afflict him. For you yourselves were once newcomers in the land of Egypt.

Our Lord is the first Owner of all creation.

{22:22} You shall not harm a widow or an orphan.
{22:23} If you hurt them, they will cry out to me, and I will hear their cry.

The less fortunate have an especial place in God's Heart (Deuteronomy 10:18 ) ([Psalm 67] (68 ): 6) (Jeremiah 22:3) (Zechariah 7:10), do not ever dare to think to abuse them.

{22:24} And my fury will be enraged, and I will strike you down with the sword. And your wives will become widows, and your sons will become orphans.
{22:25} If you lend money to the poor of my people who live among you, you shall not coerce them like a collector, nor oppress them with usury.
{22:26} If you take a garment from your neighbor as a pledge, you shall return it to him again before the setting of the sun.
{22:27} For it is all that he has to cover himself, to clothe his body; nor does he have anything else in which to sleep. If he cries out to me, I will hear him, because I am compassionate.
{22:28} You shall not disparage the heavens, and you shall not speak evil of the leader of your people.

"You shall not speak evil of the leader of your people", and even more, do not dear to speak evil of the Pope who is the visible head of the Church established by Christ.

{22:29} You shall not delay in paying your tithes and your first-fruits. You shall give the firstborn of your sons to me.

This verse has two separate disciplinary commandments. Keep in mind that Sacred Scriptures were not originally divided into chapters and verses. For some reason two of these commandments were kept in one verse.

{22:30} You shall do likewise with those of the oxen and the sheep. For seven days, let it be with its mother; on the eighth day you shall repay it to me.
{22:31} You shall be holy men for me. The flesh, from which beasts will have tasted, you shall not eat, but you will throw it to the dogs.”

Unholy things are not to be consumed by men, but thrown to the dogs.

"Do not give what is holy to dogs, and do not cast your pearls before swine, lest perhaps they may trample them under their feet, and then, turning, they may tear you apart." - (Matthew 7:6).
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