CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group  

Go Back   CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group > Catholic Continuing Education > Teaching Series - Bible Study
FAQ Members List Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
Old 28th March 2019, 06:53 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,869
Default Exodus 21

[Exodus 21]
{21:1} “These are the judgments which you shall place before them:
{21:2} If you buy a Hebrew servant, six years shall he serve you; in the seventh, he shall depart freely, without charge.
{21:3} With whatever clothing he arrived, with the like let him depart. If he has a wife, his wife also shall depart, at the same time.
{21:4} But if his lord gave him a wife, and she has borne sons and daughters, the woman and her children shall belong to her lord. Yet still, he himself will go out with his clothing.
{21:5} And if the servant will say, ‘I love my lord, and my wife and children, I will not depart freely,’
{21:6} then his lord shall make an offering for him to the heavens, and it shall be applied to the door and the posts, and he will pierce his ear with an awl. And he shall be his servant in perpetuity.

Slavery, properly speaking, is not intrinsically evil. A slave was someone who was at the service of a lord 24/7. Its morality depends on the intentions and the circumstances. In old times, it was necessary as long as a lord respected his servant's human dignity. Nowadays, due to the current progress of men, slavery is no longer admissible. Today slavery is inadmissible, as Pope Francis has taught (

{21:7} If anyone sells his daughter to be a servant, she shall not depart as a female servant is accustomed to go out.
{21:8} If she displeases the eyes of her lord, to whom she had been delivered, he shall dismiss her. But he shall have no authority to sell her to a foreign people, even if he despises her.
{21:9} But if he has betrothed her to his son, he shall treat her according to the custom with daughters.
{21:10} And if he takes another for him, he shall provide to the maiden a marriage, and clothing, and he shall not refuse the price of her chastity.
{21:11} If he does not do these three things, she shall depart freely, without money.

In old times women were treated as inferior to men, but that was permitted due to the primitive mentality of men. However, it was not so from the beginning, men and women have different roles but they are equal in nature.

{3:28} There is neither Jew nor Greek; there is neither servant nor free; there is neither male nor female. For you are all one in Christ Jesus.

{21:12} Whoever strikes a man, intending to murder, shall be put to death.
{21:13} But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God delivered him into his hands, then I will appoint for you a place to which he must flee.
{21:14} If someone murders his neighbor with deliberation, by lying in wait, you shall tear him away from my altar, so that he may die.
{21:15} Whoever strikes his father or mother shall die a death.
{21:16} Whoever will have stolen a man and sold him, having been convicted of the crime, shall be put to death.
{21:17} Whoever speaks evil of his father or mother shall die a death.
{21:18} If men will have quarreled, and one of them has struck his neighbor with a stone or a fist, and he does not die, but lies in bed,
{21:19} if he gets up again and can walk outside on his staff, he who struck him will be innocent, but only if he makes sufficient restitution for his deeds and for the cost of the physicians.
{21:20} Whoever strikes his male or female servant with a staff, and if they have died by his hands, he shall be guilty of a crime.
{21:21} But if he survives for one day or two, he shall not be subject to punishment, because it is his money.
{21:22} If men will have quarreled, and one of them has struck a pregnant woman, and as a result she miscarries, but she herself survives, he shall be subject to as much damage as the husband of the woman shall petition from him, or as arbitrators shall judge.
{21:23} But if her death will have followed, he will repay a life for a life,

A life for a life means that God counts the unborn child, as in the case of a pregnant woman, as a human life as well.

{21:24} an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a hand for a hand, a foot for a foot,
{21:25} a scrape for a scrape, a wound for a wound, a bruise for a bruise.

This O.T. discipline is to teach the justice of God, that there is no favoritism in God. However, disciplines are reformable, they were used to teach something at one determinate time according to the circumstances of life. Now that the Messiah, who is the perfect fulfillment of the law, has come and teaches us about mercy (Matt 5:38-41), these disciplines has been abrogated.

{21:26} If anyone will have struck the eye of his male or female servant, having left them with one eye, he shall release them freely, because of the eye that he has put out.
{21:27} Likewise, if he knocks out a tooth of his male or female servant, he shall similarly release them freely.

An immoral lord does not deserve to have servants.

{21:28} If an ox has struck a man or a woman with his horn, and if they die, it shall be stoned. And its flesh shall not be eaten; also, the owner of the ox will be innocent.
{21:29} But if the ox had been pushing with his horn, from yesterday and the day before, and they warned his owner, but he did not confine it, and it will have killed a man or a woman, then the ox shall be stoned, and his owner shall be killed.

A sin of omission can also reach the point to be mortal.

{21:30} But if they have imposed a price on him, he shall give, in exchange for his life, whatever is asked.

Jesus Christ paid the price of all of our guilty lives deserving death, we need to accept Him.

{21:31} Likewise, if it has struck a son or a daughter with its horns, it shall be subject to a similar verdict.
{21:32} If it attacks a male or female servant, he shall give thirty shekels of silver to their lord, yet truly the ox shall be stoned.
{21:33} If a man digs or opens a cistern, and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it,
{21:34} then the owner of the cistern shall repay the price of the beasts, and what is dead will belong to him.
{21:35} If the ox of a stranger wounds the ox of another, and it has died, then they shall sell the live ox and divide the price, but the carcass of the dead one they shall distribute between them.
{21:36} But if he knew that his ox had pushed with its horns, yesterday and the day before, and its owner did not confine it, then he shall repay an ox for an ox, and he will receive the whole carcass.”

Notice that women and servants (men or female slaves) are referred to among animals, this was due to the primitive mentality of men.
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump

All times are GMT. The time now is 06:15 AM.

Powered by vBulletin Version 3.6.0
Copyright ©2000 - 2020, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.