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Old 10th May 2010, 07:19 PM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,628
Default mortal sin and the three fonts

An objective mortal sin is an act which is objectively gravely immoral under any of the three fonts of morality.

1. a gravely immoral intention, such as intending to cause grave harm to your neighbor

2. a gravely disordered (intrinsically evil) act, such as murder

3. an act whose bad consequences can be reasonably anticipated to gravely outweigh the good consequences

When any one font is gravely immoral, the overall act, including all three fonts, cannot be less than an objective mortal sin. Although the other two fonts can make the act a more serious mortal sin, or a less serious mortal sin, the other two fonts cannot change the grave moral disorder in the one font from mortal to venial.

When an objective mortal sin is committed with full knowledge of the grave immorality of the act, and with full consent, then the act is also an actual mortal sin.

It is also possible to commit an actual mortal sin, even when the chosen act is not objectively a mortal sin, or is not objectively a sin at all, if the person believed that the act was gravely immoral at the time that the act was chosen.
Ron Conte
Roman Catholic theologian
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