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Old 13th April 2018, 05:19 PM
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Default Exodus 12

[Exodus 12]
{12:1} The Lord also said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt:
{12:2} “This month will be for you the beginning of the months. It will be first in the months of the year.

This will be most important celebration due to the event that is about to take place.

{12:3} Speak to the entire assembly of the sons of Israel, and say to them: On the tenth day of this month, let everyone take a lamb, by their families and houses.
{12:4} But if the number is less than may suffice to be able to consume the lamb, he shall accept his neighbor, who has been joined with his house according to the number of souls that may suffice to be able to eat the lamb.
{12:5} And it shall be a lamb without blemish, a one year old male. According to this rite, you shall also take a young goat.

Notice that the lamb had to be male, foreshadowing our Lord Jesus Christ becoming man.

{12:6} And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month. And the entire multitude of the sons of Israel shall immolate it toward evening.

To immolate means to kill and offer it (the lamb) as a sacrifice.

{12:7} And they shall take from its blood, and place it on both the door posts and the upper threshold of the houses, in which they will consume it.

This lamb's blood becomes salvific and the lamb must literally be consumed (eaten).

{12:8} And that night they shall eat the flesh, roasted by fire, and unleavened bread with wild lettuce.

Eating flesh of the lamb (animal provided by God to consume), bread, (product made out by man of the vegetation), lettuce (actual bitter herb/vegetation - [our Lord's Passion was bitter]).

{12:9} You shall not consume anything from it raw, nor boiled in water, but only roasted by fire. You shall devour the head with its feet and entrails.

All this food had to be roasted by fire, and the lamb had to be consumed basically in its entirety (the consumable parts).

{12:10} Neither shall there remain anything from it until morning. If anything will have been left over, you shall burn it with fire.

Nothing was to be wasted.

{12:11} Now you shall consume it in this way: You shall gird your waist, and you shall have shoes on your feet, holding staves in your hands, and you shall consume it in haste. For it is the Passover (that is, the Crossing) of the Lord.

This food needed to be consumed with reverence and respect, for it's more than any other regular food. An also, symbolizing being "ready for departure" towards the Promised Land.

{12:12} And I will cross through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from man, even to cattle. And I will bring judgments against all the gods of Egypt. I am the Lord.

This crossing by God is done through an Angel, for God is Omnipresent. The "gods" of Egypt could do nothing against the One True God.

{12:13} But the blood will be for you as a sign in the buildings where you will be. And I will see the blood, and I will pass over you. And the plague will not be with you to destroy, when I strike the land of Egypt.

Because of our iniquities, we deserve death, but because of this blood that acts as a Mediator (Jesus Christ) between God and men, being in fellowship with this Saviour, is that we are saved. "Passover" means "passing over", a reminder that the Angel Striker "passes over" the houses that have the blood of the sacrificed lamb showing on their doors.

{12:14} Then you shall have this day as a memorial, and you shall celebrate it as a solemnity to the Lord, in your generations, as an everlasting devotion.

Jesus Christ came to give us the New and Everlasting Covenant at His first Mass (Luke 22:19 ff).

{12:15} For seven days, you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day there shall be no leaven in your houses. Whoever will consume anything leavened, from the first day, even until the seventh day, that soul shall perish from Israel.

"No leaven in your houses", leaven symbolizes the sins that must be removed from Israel (Luke 12:1) (1 Cor 5:8 ). The immolated sacrifice had to eaten as instructed by God, not like anybody wanted.

{12:16} The first day shall be holy and solemn, and the seventh day shall be venerated with the same festivity. You shall do no work in these days, except that which pertains to the eating.
{12:17} And you shall observe the feast of unleavened bread. For on this same day, I will lead your army out of the land of Egypt, and you shall keep this day, in your generations, as a perpetual ritual.

This perpetual ritual continues at every Mass.

{12:18} In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, toward evening, you shall consume the unleavened bread, until the twenty-first day of the same month, toward evening.

Notice that the unleavened bread also needed to be consumed (eaten).

{12:19} For seven days, there shall not be found leaven in your houses. Whoever will eat leaven, his soul will perish from the assembly of Israel, as much with the newcomers as with the natives of the land.
{12:20} You shall not consume any leaven. In all your dwelling places, you shall eat unleavened bread.”

It is not any bread, it had to be unleavened bread.

{12:21} Then Moses called all the elders of the sons of Israel, and he said to them: “Go, taking an animal by your families, and sacrifice the Passover.
{12:22} And dip a little bundle of hyssop in the blood which is at the entrance, and sprinkle the upper threshold with it, and both of the door posts. Let none of you go out of the door of his house until morning.

We must not be disobedient to God's instructions; otherwise, we are coming out of safety.

{12:23} For the Lord will cross through, striking the Egyptians. And when he will see the blood on the upper threshold, and on both the door posts, he will pass over the door of the house and not permit the Striker to enter into your houses or to do harm.
{12:24} You shall keep this word as a law for you and for your sons, forever.
{12:25} And when you have entered into the land that the Lord will give to you, just as he has promised, you shall observe these ceremonies.
{12:26} And when your sons will say to you, ‘What is the meaning of this religious observance?’
{12:27} You shall say to them: ‘It is the victim of the crossing of the Lord, when he passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt, striking the Egyptians, and freeing our houses.’ ” And the people, bowing down, worshipped.

Passing on our faith to our children (and to people in general) is essential, a moral obligation; otherwise, we will be accountable at our respective judgments.

{12:28} And the sons of Israel, departing, did just as the Lord had instructed Moses and Aaron.
{12:29} Then it happened, in the middle of the night: the Lord struck down every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the captive woman who was in prison, and all the firstborn of the cattle.

The fulfillment of the sacrifice was to be God's only begotten Son, His Firstborn, our Lord Jesus Christ. See the connection between: lamb, unleavened bread - to be consumed (eaten), firstborn.

{12:30} And Pharaoh rose up in the night, and all his servants, and all of Egypt. And there arose a great outcry in Egypt. For there was not a house in which no one lay dead.

None of the gods of Egypt did anything. Not even Osiris, the god of life or resurrection.

{12:31} And Pharaoh, calling Moses and Aaron in the night, said: “Rise up and go forth from among my people, you and the sons of Israel. Go, sacrifice to the Lord, just as you say.
{12:32} Your sheep and herds take along with you, as you requested, and as you go away, bless me.”
{12:33} And the Egyptians urged the people to go away from the land quickly, saying, “We will all die.”

Notice that at this point, even the magicians who started making appear serpents when the plagues started could not do anything and actually the Egyptians urged the Israelite people to go out, lest "everyone die".

{12:34} Therefore, the people took bread dough before it was leavened. And tying it in their cloaks, they placed it on their shoulders.
{12:35} And the sons of Israel did just as Moses had instructed. And they petitioned the Egyptians for vessels of silver and of gold, and very many garments.
{12:36} Then the Lord granted favor to the people in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they bestowed on them. And they despoiled the Egyptians.

There were good will Egyptian people as well, though they were pagans.

{12:37} And the sons of Israel set out from Rameses to Soccoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides little ones.
{12:38} But also an innumerable mix of common people ascended with them, sheep and herds and animals of diverse kinds, exceedingly many.
{12:39} And they baked the bread, which a little while ago they had taken out of Egypt as dough. And they made unleavened bread baked under ashes. For it was not able to be leavened, with the Egyptians compelling them to leave and not permitting them to cause any delay. Neither did they have occasion to prepare any meat.
{12:40} Now the habitation of the sons of Israel, while they remained in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.
{12:41} Having been completed, on the same day all the army of the Lord departed from the land of Egypt.

Notice the importance of anniversaries. The Word of God teaches us that on the 430th year anniversary that the Israelites entered the land of Egypt, they left. This is how Providence works, because this includes the time of the negativity of the Pharaoh of not letting the Israelite people go. We should be aware of the importance and significance of Feast Days. Also numbers have a symbolic significance in Sacred Scripture, 430 makes up to number 7 which symbolizes perfection.

{12:42} This night is a worthy observance of the Lord, when he led them out of the land of Egypt. This all the sons of Israel must observe in their generations.
{12:43} And the Lord said to Moses and to Aaron: “This is the religious observance of the Passover. No foreigner shall eat from it.

Foreigners were pagans who worshiped false gods, or did not know about the One True God, so they were not worthy to consume the Passover sacrifice. They were not in "communion" with the One True God.

{12:44} But every bought servant shall be circumcised, and so he may eat from it.
{12:45} The newcomer and the hired hand shall not eat from it.
{12:46} In one house it shall be eaten; you shall not carry its flesh outside, nor shall you break its bone.

Note that the Lamb of God's (Jesus) bones were not broken at His Passion (John 19:36).

{12:47} The entire assembly of the sons of Israel shall do this.
{12:48} And if any sojourner will be willing to cross over into your settlement, and to keep the Passover of the Lord, all his males shall first be circumcised, and then he shall celebrate the rite. And he shall be just like a native of the land. But if any man is not circumcised, he shall not eat from it.

A foreigner, in order to be able to consume the Passover sacrifice, was to be member of settlement, the males were to be circumcised (little babies were to be circumcised at 8 days old); and then, once in communion, they can also celebrate the rite because they have become "like a native" (born again) of the land. Circumcision prefigures Baptism (Col 2:11-12).

{12:49} The law shall be the same for the native born and for the settler who sojourns with you.”
{12:50} And all the sons of Israel did just as the Lord had instructed Moses and Aaron.
{12:51} And on the same day, the Lord led the sons of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their companies.

"On the same day" the sons of Israel left, there was no time for too much preparation for leaving, they had to rush.
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
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