CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group  

Go Back   CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group > Catholic Continuing Education > Teaching Series - Bible Study
FAQ Members List Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
Old 12th October 2018, 06:27 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,887
Default Exodus 19

[Exodus 19]
{19:1} In the third month of the departure of Israel from the land of Egypt, in that day, they arrived in the wilderness of Sinai.
{19:2} Thus, setting out from Raphidim, and going directly to the desert of Sinai, they encamped in the same place, and there Israel pitched their tents away from the region of the mountain.

According so some scholars, they stayed at this place for about 11 months until they resumed their journey based on (Numb 10:11-12).

{19:3} Then Moses ascended to God. And the Lord called to him from the mountain, and he said: “This you shall say to the house of Jacob, and announce to the sons of Israel:

Moses is a prefigure of Jesus, here we see how Moses acts as an mediator between God and the people of Israel. Thus far, only he is allowed to go up and down the mountain in order to speak with God.

{19:4} ‘You have seen what I have done to the Egyptians, in what way I carried you upon the wings of eagles and how I have taken you for myself.
{19:5} If, therefore, you will hear my voice, and you will keep my covenant, you will be to me a particular possession out of all people. For all the earth is mine.

God consecrates, or sets-apart the people of Israel in order to make them a sacred nation.

{19:6} And you will be to me a priestly kingdom and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you will speak to the sons of Israel.”

This consecration makes them a "priestly kingdom and a holy nation", this is the "general priesthood" which is for everyone. God gives the Israelite people this particular vocation keeping His promise to Abraham. Now, between all this "general priesthood", God also sets apart other men for what is a specific "ordained priesthood", for He "ordered" priests to Aaron, his male descendants (High priests - Exodus 28 ), and men from the tribe of Levi (Numbers 3:5 ff) who will exclusively perform rituals to God for atonement of sins in the name of the whole people (Leviticus 8 ) (Exodus 28-29). These ordained priests were consecrated by means of unique rite (Ex 29:1-30) and their functions, duties and rites were established in a detailed way, above all in the book of Leviticus. Ordained priests differentiate from the general priesthood because of their functions. God "ordered" these men (ordained priests) instructions for performing their duties while the rest of the Israelites (general priests) listened (Leviticus 1-7 . 11-27). This is the reason why, when Jesus healed 10 men with leprosy, He sends them to the "ordained priests", He says “Go, show yourselves to the priests", not to "anyone", even though they are a "priestly nation" (Luke 17:14) so that they receive the cleansing ritual and be incorporated back to the rest of the people. The "general priesthood" remains (1 Peter 2:9); but the "ordained priesthood" from the OT has been changed (Hebrews 7:12). No more ordained priesthood according to the order of Aaron or Levi – offering animals (goats, bulls, etc.), but now the New Covenant ordained or ministerial priesthood is according to the order of Melchizedek – offering the new One Perfect sacrifice who is our Lord Jesus Christ Himself under the appearance of Bread and Wine (Hebrews 7:11) (Gen 14:28 ).

{19:7} Moses went, and calling together those greater by birth among the people, he set forth all the words which the Lord had commanded.
{19:8} And all the people responded together: “Everything that the Lord has spoken, we shall do.” And when Moses had related the words of the people to the Lord,

Moses acts like a "bridge" between God and man and vice versa. He is the minister who talks to God about men and to men about God. He is God's representative before the people and the people's representative before God.

{19:9} the Lord said to him: “Soon now, I will come to you in the mist of a cloud, so that the people may hear me speaking to you, and so that they may believe you continuously.” Therefore, Moses reported the words of the people to the Lord,
{19:10} who said to him: “Go to the people, and sanctify them today, and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments.
{19:11} And let them be prepared on the third day. For on the third day, the Lord will descend, in the sight of all the people, over Mount Sinai.
{19:12} And you will establish limits for the people all around, and you will say to them: ‘Take care not to ascend to the mountain, and that you do not touch its parts. All who touch the mountain, shall die a death.’
{19:13} Hands shall not touch him, but he shall be crushed with stones, or he shall be pierced through with darts. Whether it be a beast or a man, he shall not live. For when the trumpet begins to sound, perhaps they might go up toward the mountain.”
{19:14} And Moses came down from the mountain to the people, and he sanctified them. And when they had washed their garments,

Notice that the people had to be sanctified in order to appear before our Lord, they had to do a "purification" ritual, "wash their garments". The same thing in Heaven, nothing with the least spot of sin can enter (Rev 21:27), yet there are sins that do not deserve death, and Hell is also called the second death (Rev 20:14). So what happens with those souls who cannot enter Heaven because they died in a state of sin that do not deserve death? they go to a place of cleansing which we call "Purgatory", our Lord Jesus Christ called this place "Prison" (Matthew 18:30-35) "This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart.", but regardless of how this place is called, the doctrine of its existence is the same.

{19:15} he said to them, “Be prepared on the third day, and do not draw near to your wives.”

"Do not draw near to your wives" means sexual abstinence during this time that they are going to have an encounter with God. Marital relationships are not bad; yet due to the consequence of original sin such as concupiscence or corruption, this has lost its original purity. Thus celibacy and chastity is above marriage life (1 Cor 7:38 ). Jesus Christ who is God and the High Priest Himself is a celibate all His life and did not have union with a wife; therefore, He did not have to have "times to draw away from a wife" (Lev 15:18 ) (1 Sam 21:5) in order to “meet” God for He is God Himself.

{19:16} And now, the third day arrived and the morning dawned. And behold, thunders began to be heard, and also lightning flashed, and a very dense cloud covered the mountain, and the noise of the trumpet resounded vehemently. And the people who were in the camp were fearful.

Here God showed part of His Majesty at a certain distance from the people, and the people was fearful of meeting with God until God became flesh so that anyone can talk to God like taking to any other person, so God became Immanuel (God with us) (Matt 1:23).

{19:17} And when Moses had led them out to meet God, from the place of the camp, they stood at the base of the mountain.
{19:18} Then all of Mount Sinai was smoking. For the Lord had descended over it with fire, and smoke ascended from it, as from a furnace. And the entire mountain was terrible.
{19:19} And the sound of the trumpet gradually increased to be louder, and extended to be longer. Moses was speaking, and God was answering him.
{19:20} And the Lord descended over Mount Sinai, to the very top of the mountain, and he called Moses to its summit. And when he had ascended there,
{19:21} he said to him: “Descend, and call the people to witness, lest they might be willing to transgress the limits, so as to see the Lord, and a very great multitude of them might perish.
{19:22} Likewise, the priests who approach toward the Lord, let them be sanctified, lest he strike them down.”
{19:23} And Moses said to the Lord: “The people are not able to ascend to Mount Sinai. For you testified, and you commanded, saying: ‘Set limits around the mountain, and sanctify it.’ ”
{19:24} And the Lord said to him, “Go, descend. And you shall ascend, and Aaron with you. But let not the priests or the people transgress the limits, nor ascend to the Lord, lest perhaps he may put them to death.”

Aaron was permitted to ascend the mountain because he had the privilege of being a High Priest, not just a priest. Currently, there are no more High Priests other than our Lord Jesus Christ, our Only and eternal High Priest (Hebrews 4:14-16) who has entered in body and soul into the Heavenly Holy of Holies (where the Ark of the New Covenant, the Blessed Virgin Mary*, has been brought in body and soul) to offer His Blood to the Father, thus being our only Mediator (capital "M"). Now, until He comes back, here on earth we have ordained priests (with different positions such as Cardinals, Bishops, Pastors, etc., but not "High Priests" - only Jesus) and general priests (all the baptized).

{19:25} And Moses descended to the people, and he explained everything to them.

John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump

All times are GMT. The time now is 07:30 PM.

Powered by vBulletin Version 3.6.0
Copyright ©2000 - 2020, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.