CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group  

Go Back   CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group > Catholic Continuing Education > Teaching Series - dogmatic theology
FAQ Members List Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
  #1  
Old 1st June 2009, 12:25 PM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,586
Default TS 30b: Council of Trent continued

CHAPTER VI.
On reserving the Sacrament of the sacred Eucharist, and bearing it to the Sick.

The custom of reserving the holy Eucharist in the sacrarium [tabernacle] is so ancient, that even the age of the Council of Nicaea recognised that usage. Moreover, as to carrying the sacred Eucharist itself to the sick, and carefully reserving it for this purpose in churches, besides that it is exceedingly conformable to equity and reason, it is also found enjoined in numerous councils, and is a very ancient observance of the Catholic Church. Wherefore, this holy Synod ordains, that this salutary and necessary custom is to be by all means retained.

CHAPTER VII.
On the preparation to be given that one may worthily receive the sacred Eucharist.

If it is unbeseeming for any one to approach to any of the sacred functions, unless he approach holily; assuredly, the more the holiness and divinity of this heavenly sacrament are understood by a Christian, the more diligently ought he to give heed that he approach not to receive it but with great reverence and holiness, especially as we read in the Apostle those words full of terror; He that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh judgment to himself. Wherefore, he who would communicate, ought to recall to mind the precept of the Apostle; Let a man prove himself. Now ecclesiastical usage declares that necessary proof to be, that no one, conscious to himself of mortal sin, how contrite soever he may seem to himself, ought to approach to the sacred Eucharist without previous sacramental confession. This the holy Synod hath decreed is to be invariably observed by all Christians, even by those priests on whom it may be incumbent by their office to celebrate, provided the opportunity of a confessor do not fail them; but if, in an urgent necessity, a priest should celebrate without previous confession, let him confess as soon as possible.

[This is still the practice today, although a layperson who is conscious of mortal sin may, for a grave reason, still receive Communion if he says an act of perfect contrition (sorrow for sin out of love for God and neighbor).]
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old 3rd June 2009, 12:03 PM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,586
Default

CHAPTER VIII.
On the use of this admirable Sacrament.

Now as to the use of this holy sacrament, our Fathers have rightly and wisely distinguished three ways of receiving it.

[1] For they have taught that some receive it sacramentally only, to wit sinners:

[2] others spiritually only, those to wit who eating in desire that heavenly bread which is set before them, are, by a lively faith which worketh by charity, made sensible of the fruit and usefulness thereof:

[3] whereas the third (class) receive it both sacramentally and spiritually, and these are they who so prove and prepare themselves beforehand, as to approach to this divine table clothed with the wedding garment.

Now as to the reception of the sacrament, it was always the custom in the Church of God, that laymen should receive the communion from priests; but that priests when celebrating should communicate themselves; which custom, as coming down from an apostolical tradition, ought with justice and reason to be retained.

And finally this holy Synod with true fatherly affection admonishes, exhorts, begs, and beseeches, through the bowels of the mercy of our God, that all and each of those who bear the Christian name would now at length agree and be of one mind in this sign of unity, in this bond of charity, in this symbol of concord; and that mindful of the so great majesty, and the so exceeding love of our Lord Jesus Christ, who gave His own beloved soul as the price of our salvation, and gave us His own flesh to eat, they would believe and venerate these sacred mysteries of His body and blood with such constancy and firmness of faith, with such devotion of soul, with such piety and worship as to be able frequently to receive that supersubstantial bread, and that it may be to them truly the life of the soul, and the perpetual health of their mind; that being invigorated by the strength thereof, they may, after the journeying of this miserable pilgrimage, be able to arrive at their heavenly country, there to eat, without any veil, that same bread of angels which they now eat under the sacred veils.

[Matthew]
{6:11} Panem nostrum supersubstantialem da nobis hodie.
{6:11} Give us this day our life-sustaining bread.

Laypersons are not the ordinary ministers of holy Communion. They are currently permitted to distribute Communion only because of the shortage of priests (which has gone on for so long that few persons even recognize that there is a shortage). There is no right to be an extraordinary minister of holy Communion.

The three ways of receiving Communion:

[1] unworthiliy, in body only, i.e. without faith, so that those who eat are condemned by not believing that the communion host is Christ

[2] a spiritual only Communion, for those who are on occasion unable to receive the Sacrament; they can make a spiritual Communion by meditating on Christ and His Presence in the Eucharist and His sacrifice on the Cross

[3] worthiliy, in body and spirit, so that we receive the host into our body but also communicate spiritually.
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old 4th June 2009, 11:50 AM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,586
Default

Any questions on making a spiritual communion?
Have any member done this?
This is an excellent way when one cannot get to Mass or Communion for some reason.
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old 4th June 2009, 12:01 PM
sammy sammy is offline
supporting member
 
Join Date: Feb 2006
Location: bastrop texas
Posts: 783
Default

Generally, how much time does one prepare for spiritual communion and does one need to act with form such as sticking out one's tongue? Sammy.
Reply With Quote
  #5  
Old 4th June 2009, 01:41 PM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,586
Default

Spiritual communion consists of interior prayer and of meditation on Christ's presence in the Eucharist, and of Christ's presence in our own soul (since we are in a state of grace). There is no need to pretend as if we were receiving a host on the tongue. This interior meditation may last only a few minutes, or we may continue for some length of time, such as a half hour or more.

Act of Spiritual Communion
Saint Alphonsus Maria de Liguori

My Jesus, I believe that Thou art present in the Blessed Sacrament. I love Thee above all things and I desire Thee in my soul. Since I cannot now receive Thee sacramentally, come at least spiritually into my heart. As though thou wert already there, I embrace Thee and unite myself wholly to Thee; permit not that I should ever be separated from Thee.
Reply With Quote
  #6  
Old 5th June 2009, 01:11 PM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,586
Default

CANON I.-If any one denieth, that, in the sacrament of the most holy Eucharist, are contained truly, really, and substantially, the body and blood together with the soul and divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ, and consequently the whole Christ; but saith that He is only therein as in a sign, or in figure, or virtue; let him be anathema.

[This is the dogma of the Real Presence, which is a required belief for all Catholics. Some surveys show that a large percentage of Catholics are in a state of material heresy on this teaching.]

CANON lI.-If any one saith, that, in the sacred and holy sacrament of the Eucharist, the substance of the bread and wine remains conjointly with the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, and denieth that wonderful and singular conversion of the whole substance of the bread into the Body, and of the whole substance of the wine into the Blood-the species Only of the bread and wine remaining-which conversion indeed the Catholic Church most aptly calls Transubstantiation; let him be anathema.

[The terminology used to describe this dogma is non-essential. The teaching existed long before the term transubstantiation was invented. Terminology is not teaching. The term is useful, but not essential.

The substance of the bread and wine are changed into the substance of the physical part of the human nature of Christ, and his soul and Divinity are also present. All that remains of the bread and wine are the outward appearances.

The idea that Jesus was present in the Eucharist with the bread and wine cojointly was proposed by Martin Luther; this idea is a heresy.]

CANON III.-If any one denieth, that, in the venerable sacrament of the Eucharist, the whole Christ is contained under each species, and under every part of each species, when separated; let him be anathema.



CANON IV.-If any one saith, that, after the consecration is completed, the body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ are not in the admirable sacrament of the Eucharist, but (are there) only during the use, whilst it is being taken, and not either before or after; and that, in the hosts, or consecrated particles, which are reserved or which remain after communion, the true Body of the Lord remaineth not; let him be anathema.

[Thus, we adore the Eucharist when it is in the tabernacle, or displayed on a monstrance. This Sacrament is unique in that the Sacrament is not merely found in its use, since Christ is truly present.]
Reply With Quote
  #7  
Old 5th June 2009, 02:36 PM
js1975 js1975 is offline
Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2006
Location: West Chester, PA
Posts: 914
Default

No, I was not aware of this at all. When you made that post was the first day I had performed a spiritual communion.
-john
__________________
2cor 7:1 Therefore, having these promises, most beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of the flesh and of the spirit, perfecting sanctification in the fear of God.
Reply With Quote
  #8  
Old 8th June 2009, 12:19 PM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,586
Default

CANON V.-If any one saith, either that the principal fruit of the most holy Eucharist is the remission of sins, or, that other effects do not result therefrom; let him be anathema.

[Devout reception of Communion forgives venial sins, but this is not the main or only effect. Since Christ is truly present, the fruits of devout reception are many.]

CANON VI.-If any one saith, that, in the holy sacrament of the Eucharist, Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, is not to be adored with the worship, even external of latria; and is, consequently, neither to be venerated with a special festive solemnity, nor to be solemnly borne about in processions, according to the laudable and universal rite and custom of holy church; or, is not to be proposed publicly to the people to be adored, and that the adorers thereof are idolators; let him be anathema.

[Latria is the worship due to God alone; dulia is the veneration due to the Saints and holy Angels. This canon teaches that we should adore Christ in the Eucharist, not only when we receive Communion, but when the Eucharist is reserved in the tabernacle or displayed in various ways at various times.]

CANON VII.-If any one saith, that it is not lawful for the sacred Eucharist to be reserved in the sacrarium, but that, immediately after consecration, it must necessarily be distributed amongst those present; or, that it is not lawful that it be carried with honour to the sick; let him be anathema.

CANON VIII.-lf any one saith, that Christ, given in the Eucharist, is eaten spiritually only, and not also sacramentally and really; let him be anathema.
Reply With Quote
  #9  
Old 11th June 2009, 11:53 AM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,586
Default

CANON IX.-If any one denieth, that all and each of Christ's faithful of both sexes are bound, when they have attained to years of discretion, to communicate every year, at least at Easter, in accordance with the precept of holy Mother Church; let him be anathema.

[Attendance at Mass each Sunday, and each holy day of obligation, or the vigil, is a way of fulfilling the precept to keep holy the Sabbath. But receiving Communion is not likewise required, except once a year.]

CANON X.-If any one saith, that it is not lawful for the celebrating priest to communicate himself; let him be anathema.

CANON XI.-lf any one saith, that faith alone is a sufficient preparation for receiving the sacrament of the most holy Eucharist; let him be anathema. And for fear lest so great a sacrament may be received unworthily, and so unto death and condemnation, this holy Synod ordains and declares, that sacramental confession, when a confessor may be had, is of necessity to be made beforehand, by those whose conscience is burdened with mortal sin, how contrite even soever they may think themselves. But if any one shall presume to teach, preach, or obstinately to assert, or even in public disputation to defend the contrary, he shall be thereupon excommunicated.
Reply With Quote
  #10  
Old 16th June 2009, 12:46 PM
Ron Conte Ron Conte is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Posts: 12,586
Default

CHAPTER IV.
In what manner clerics are, on account of grievous crimes, to be degraded from sacred Orders.

And whereas crimes so grievous are sometimes committed by ecclesiastics, that, on account of the atrocity thereof, they have to be deposed from sacred orders, and delivered over to a secular court;...

[The Council of Trent dealt with the question of priests who have committed serious crimes. The Council directed Bishops to remove them from the clerical state and turn them over to the secular court system. The recent cases where Bishops were aware that a priest had sexually abused children, and yet did not act to remove the priest from the clerical state, nor turn him over to the secular courts, is a violation of this decision by the Council.]
Reply With Quote
Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump


All times are GMT. The time now is 07:53 PM.


Powered by vBulletin Version 3.6.0
Copyright ©2000 - 2019, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.