CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group  

Go Back   CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group > Catholic Continuing Education > Teaching Series - Bible Study
FAQ Members List Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
  #1  
Old 20th October 2017, 06:40 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,860
Default Exodus 1

[Exodus 1]
{1:1} These are the names of the sons of Israel, who went into Egypt with Jacob. They entered, each one with his house:

Some scholars conclude that the original name of this book are the first words "These are the names of the sons of Israel". However, "Exodus" which comes from ancient Greek, would be more fitting "Exit" for this book is about the story of the migration of the ancient Israelites, the twelve tribes that come from the sons of Israel, from Egypt into the promised land, Canaan.

{1:2} Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah,
{1:3} Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,
{1:4} Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher.
{1:5} Therefore, all the souls of those who went forth from Jacob’s thigh were seventy. Now Joseph was in Egypt.
{1:6} When he had died, along with all of his brothers and all of that generation,

Exodus begins with a summary of the last events that took place in the book of Genesis, so we see that this book is an actual continuation from the previous book.

{1:7} the sons of Israel increased, and they multiplied like seedlings. And having been strengthened exceedingly, they filled the land.

This took place hundred of years, about 400 per the prophecy given to Abraham (Gen 15:13-14) and 430 years to be exact (Exodus 12:40). That's many years, to make a notion of it, the Israelites have been living in Egypt for more years that the U.S. have been an independent nation (which are so far 241 years). These people were living in this land for so many years that the new generations perhaps forgot or did not know that some day they would have to leave this land, as spoken by Joseph to their forefathers.
__________________
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old 20th October 2017, 06:42 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,860
Default

{1:8} Meanwhile, there arose a new king over Egypt, who was ignorant of Joseph.

The kings of Egypt were called "Pharaoh" (title name).

{1:9} And he said to his people: “Behold, the people of the sons of Israel are many, and they are stronger than we are.
{1:10} Come, let us wisely oppress them, lest they multiply; and if any war should advance against us, they may be added to our enemies, and having fought against us, they might depart from the land.”

This new king had not idea of how good the relationship was between the Egyptians and the Israelite people when the later first arrived and their first years there. Remember that the book of Genesis ends in excellent terms regarding the relationship between these two people.
__________________
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old 20th October 2017, 06:43 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,860
Default

{1:11} And so he set over them masters of the works, in order to afflict them with burdens. And they built for Pharaoh the cities of the tabernacles: Pithom and Raamses.

Names for these two particular cities.

{1:12} And the more they oppressed them, so much more did they multiply and increase.

The prophesy given to Abraham (then Abram) starts to get fulfilled: "Know beforehand that your future offspring will be sojourners in a land not their own, and they will subjugate them in servitude and afflict them for four hundred years. Yet truly, I will judge the nation that they will serve, and after this they will depart with great substance. (Gen 15:13-14).

{1:13} And the Egyptians hated the sons of Israel, and they afflicted them and mocked them.
{1:14} And they led their life directly into bitterness, with hard work in clay and brick, and with all kinds of servitude, so that they were being overwhelmed with the works of the land.
{1:15} Then the king of Egypt spoke to the midwives of the Hebrews, (one of whom one was called Shiphrah, another Puah)
{1:16} instructing them: “When you will act as a midwife to the Hebrew women, and the time of delivery has arrived: if it is male, put it to death; if it is female, retain it.”
{1:17} But the midwives feared God, and so they did not act according to the precept of the king of Egypt, but they kept the males safe.

Notice that the names of these two noble women were written for all generations to remember them because of their good action in accord with the eternal moral law of not killing an innocent person (not to murder). The name of this Pharaoh, we'll never know for sure. The existence of a true God can be known by reason alone (CCC 286), and the moral law is also written in our hearts (Rom 2:15; CCC 1951), for the Ten Commandments were not written at this point in time. They disobeyed their authority, the Pharaoh, but obeyed their moral conscience, to do good. When a human authority goes against the Will of God, who is Good, they lose their authority over us (Acts 5:29). Even if these women did not know the true God, love of neighbor is implicit love of God.
__________________
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old 20th October 2017, 06:57 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,860
Default

{1:18} And summoning them, the king said, “What did you intend to do, so that you would save the boys?”
{1:19} They responded: “The Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women. For they themselves have the wisdom of a midwife, and so they give birth before we can come to them.”

These woman not only spared the baby boys' lives, but also warned and taught the Hebrew women to do this labor so they can help themselves.

{1:20} Therefore, God acted favorably toward the midwives. And the people increased, and they were strengthened exceedingly.

God rewarded the Egyptian midwives for disobeying the evil order of their leader and doing what is good.

{1:21} And because the midwives feared God, he built houses for them.

Notice that these women were pagans, they did not have received true religion teachings, yet love of neighbor is implicit love for the true God, so they can be saved and receive rewards from God for doing good to the best of their knowledge.

{1:22} Therefore, Pharaoh instructed all his people, saying: “Whatever will be born of the male sex, cast it into the river; whatever will be born of the female sex, retain it.”

Similar evil, infanticide, will do king Herod to little male children of Bethlehem thousands of years later, when the Messiah arrives.
__________________
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote
Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump


All times are GMT. The time now is 11:25 AM.


Powered by vBulletin Version 3.6.0
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.