CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group  

Go Back   CatholicPlanet.Net discussion group > Catholic Continuing Education > Teaching Series - Bible Study
FAQ Members List Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
  #1  
Old 16th February 2018, 07:31 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,871
Default Exodus 10

[Exodus 10]
{10:1} And the Lord said to Moses: “Enter to Pharaoh. For I have hardened his heart, and that of his servants, so that I may accomplish these, my signs, in him,

As explained previously in more detail, the expression "For I [God] have hardened his [the Pharaoh's] heart, and that of his servants" means that it was due to Him, God, Someone who the Pharaoh cannot accept, an alien God to him, more powerful than him and his gods. The Pharaoh does not like the God of Israel other than his own Egyptian gods.

{10:2} and so that you may describe to the ears of your sons and your grandsons how often I opposed the Egyptians and wrought my signs among them, and so that you may know that I am the Lord.”

These prodigies is to let everyone know that He is the true and only God.

{10:3} Therefore, Moses and Aaron entered to Pharaoh, and they said to him: “Thus says the Lord God of the Hebrews: How long will you be unwilling to be subject to me? Release my people to sacrifice to me.
{10:4} But if you resist, and you are unwilling to release them, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your borders.
{10:5} And they shall cover the face of the earth, lest any part of it be seen. Yes, and what remains from the hail shall be eaten. For they will gnaw away all the trees that spring up in the fields.
{10:6} And they will fill your houses, and those of your servants and of all the Egyptians: so many as your fathers and ancestors have not seen, from the time that they rose up over the earth, even until this present day.” And he turned himself away, and he departed from Pharaoh.

Moses and Aaron warns of the specific affliction, with all the details, that they will encounter if the Pharaoh continues with his resistance, so that it cannot be thought to be something of natural occurrence or by "chance".
__________________
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old 16th February 2018, 07:35 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,871
Default

{10:7} Then the servants of Pharaoh said to him: “How long must we endure this scandal? Release the men, in order to sacrifice to the Lord their God. Do you not see that Egypt is perishing?”

Even the Pharaoh's servants realize of how obstinate in his pride is the Pharaoh and that does not want to let the Israelite people go.

{10:8} And they called back Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh, who said to them: “Go, sacrifice to the Lord your God. Who are they who would go?”
{10:9} Moses said: “We will travel with our little ones and our elderly, with our sons and daughters, with our sheep and herds. For it is a solemnity of the Lord our God.”
{10:10} And Pharaoh responded: “So let the Lord be with you. But if I were to release you and your little ones, who would doubt that you intend some great wickedness?
{10:11} It will not be so. However, go only with the men, and sacrifice to the Lord. For this, too, is what you yourselves requested.” And immediately they were cast out from the sight of Pharaoh.

The Pharaoh still thinks that he has the power to impose the conditions over the one true God.

The Pharaoh doesn't truly want the Israelite to go and freely worship God, he wants to retain the women and little ones as hostages.

{10:12} Then the Lord said to Moses: “Extend your hand over the land of Egypt, toward the locusts, so that they may rise up over it, and devour every plant which remains from the hail.”
{10:13} And Moses extended his staff over the land of Egypt. And the Lord brought a burning wind all that day and night. And when morning came, the burning wind lifted up the locusts.

This wind could have been performed by an Angel (as we see in the books of Genesis 19 or Revelation 16 how Angels perform the afflictions mandated by God) and a similar task was performed in order to part the Read Sea (Exodus 14:21).
__________________
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old 16th February 2018, 07:39 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,871
Default

{10:14} And they ascended over the entire land of Egypt. And they settled into all the parts of the Egyptians: innumerable, such as had not been before that time, nor ever would be thereafter.
{10:15} And they covered the entire face of the land, laying waste to all things. And the plants of the land were devoured, along with whatever fruits were on the trees, which the hail had left behind. And nothing at all of the greenery remained on the trees or on the plants of the earth in all of Egypt.

It happened just as Moses and Aaron told him, it was not some "coincidence". Senehem, the Egyptian god of pest control could do nothing.

{10:16} For this reason, Pharaoh hurriedly called Moses and Aaron, and he said to them: “I have sinned against the Lord your God, and against you.

The Pharaoh only thinks about himself, when something bad occurs to him then he hurries to call Moses and Aaron, but when the afflictions do not touch him (has seen in the previous chapters), he let them continue.

{10:17} But now, release me from my sin even this time, and petition the Lord your God, so that he may take this death away from me.”

The Pharaoh recognizes his sinfulness but this is an imperfect contrition because he cares of not being harmed in any way (attrition), not a perfect contrition which brings him to the state of sanctifying grace.

{10:18} And Moses, departing from the sight of Pharaoh, prayed to the Lord.
{10:19} And he caused a very strong wind to blow from the west, and, seizing the locusts, it cast them into the Red Sea. There remained not so much as one in all the parts of Egypt.
{10:20} And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh; neither did he release the sons of Israel.

But again, this hardness of the Pharaoh's heart is due to the Lord. The Pharaoh cannot accept that a God other than his known gods is more powerful, so now that things are good again, he continues with his obstinacy.

{10:21} Then the Lord said to Moses: “Extend your hand into the sky. And let there be a darkness over the land of Egypt, so dense that they may be able to feel it.”
{10:22} And Moses extended his hand into the sky. And there came a horrible darkness in the entire land of Egypt for three days.

This darkness could have been performed by an Angel for Angels from Heaven work with God (Rev. 16:10).

This could be a foreshadow of the three days of darkness that is prophesied by some Saints and Blesseds (St. Hildegard, Bl. Anna-Maria Taigi, among others).

Ra, Aten, Atum, Egyptian gods of light and sun could not do something either. The sun did not give its light during these days.
__________________
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old 16th February 2018, 07:43 PM
Brother Brother is offline
Administrator
 
Join Date: Apr 2007
Posts: 2,871
Default

{10:23} No one saw his brother, nor moved himself out of the place where he was. But wherever the sons of Israel were living, there was light.

This is to let us know that God is all powerful in His Providence.

{10:24} And Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron, and he said to them: “Go, sacrifice to the Lord. Only let your sheep and herds remain behind. Your little ones may go with you.”
{10:25} Moses said: “You must also permit us victims and holocausts, which we may offer to the Lord our God.
{10:26} All the flocks shall travel with us. Not one hoof of them shall remain behind. For they are necessary for the worship of the Lord our God, especially since we do not know what ought to be immolated, until we arrive at the very place.”

"All the flocks shall travel with us" "since we do not know what ought to be immolated". Moses acknowledges that it is God who indicates how (the conditions, the rituals, what animals, etc.) He shall be worshiped, it is not of human idea or occurrence, but of Divine Revelation. Mere human creativity in worship can be blasphemous (32:1-6) (Leviticus 10:1-2) (Numbers 3:4) (Numbers 3:10) (2 Kings 17:24-28 . 34).

{10:27} But the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he was not willing to release them.

We need to take in consideration the way of speech of the sacred writers from over three thousand years ago. As explained many times above and in previous chapters, the expression "the Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh" does not mean that God intervened in the Pharaoh's free will. The Pharaoh freely chose not to cooperate due to the obvious presence of a God that he did not want or accept.

{10:28} And Pharaoh said to Moses: “Withdraw from me, and beware that you no longer see my face. On whatever day you will appear in my sight, you shall die.”
{10:29} Moses responded: “So be it, just as you have said. I will no longer see your face.”
__________________
John 3:27; John 15:5; Matthew 19:26
Reply With Quote
Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump


All times are GMT. The time now is 05:08 PM.


Powered by vBulletin Version 3.6.0
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.